Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.114, No.1, 2018
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Complex Modal Analysis for the Time-Variant Dynamical Problem of Rotating Pipe Conveying Fluid

    Lihua Wang1,*, Zheng Zhong1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 1-18, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.001
    Abstract A semi-analytical form of complex modal analysis is proposed for the time-variant dynamical problem of rotating pipe conveying fluid system. The complex mode superposition method is introduced for the dynamic analysis in the time and frequency domains, in which appropriate orthogonality conditions are constructed to decouple the time-variant equation of motion. Consequently, complex frequencies and modes of vibration are analytically formulated and the variations of frequencies and damping of the system are evaluated. Numerical time-variant example of rotating pipe conveying fluid illustrates the effectiveness and accuracy of this method. Furthermore, the proposed solution scheme is also applicable to other similar… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Despeckling of Ultrasound Images Using Modified Local Statistics Mean Variance Filter

    Ranu Gupta1,3,*, Rahul Pachauri2,3, Ashutosh Singh1,4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 19-32, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.019
    Abstract This article presents an improved method of despeckling the ultrasound medical images. In this paper a modified local statistics mean variance filter method has been proposed. In the proposed method, more consideration is given to local statistics since local statistical features are more important rather than global features.Various parameters like mean square error, peak signal to noise ratio, quality index, and structural similarity index measure are calculated to analyze the quality of the despeckled image. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Safety Evaluation of Concrete Structures Based on a Novel Energy Criterion

    Qiang Tong1, Qingwen Ren1, *, Lei Shen 2, Linfei Zhang 2, Yin Yang3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 33-58, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.033
    Abstract In this article, the post-peak softening stage of the constitutive relation and the elastic stiffness degradation of concrete are investigated, and a highly reasonable constitutive relation curve is proposed. At the material level, the energy change in the concrete failure process is studied based on the different stress-strain curves of concrete under uniaxial tension and compression. The concrete failure criterion based on elastic strain energy density is deemed suitable and consistent with the experimental phenomena. The hysteresis phenomenon (lags behind the peak strength) is also discussed. At the structure level, the strength reduction method is employed for the stability analysis,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of High Speed Rotating Waterjet Flow Field in a Semi Enclosed Vacuum Chamber

    Haojun Peng1,*, Ping Zhang2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 59-73, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.059
    Abstract In this paper, a three dimension model is built according to real surface cleaner in airport runway rubber mark cleaning vehicle and numerical simulation of this model is carried out using Ansys Fluent software. After comparison and analysis the flow field between high speed rotating waterjet and static waterjet formerly studied by other researchers, the influences of different standoff distance from nozzle outlet to runway surface and rotation speed on rubber mark cleaning effect is simulated and analyzed. Results show the optimal operation parameters for the simulated model and quantitative advices are given for design, manufacture and operation of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stiffness Degradation Characteristics Destructive Testing and Finite-Element Analysis of Prestressed Concrete T-Beam

    Chengquan Wang1, Yonggang Shen2,*, Yun Zou1, Tianqi Li1, Xiaoping Feng1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 75-93, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.075
    Abstract The failure behavior of the precast prestressed concrete T girder was investigated by destructive test and finite-element analysis, and the mid-span deflection, girder stiffness and the variation of the cross section strain in the loading process were obtained, and the mechanical properties, mechanical behavior, elastic and plastic behavior and ultimate bearing capacity of T girder with large span were revealed. Furthermore, the relationship between the beam stiffness degradation, the neutral axis in cross-section, steel yielding and concrete cracking are investigated and analyzed. A method was proposed to predict the residual bearing capacity of a bridge based on the variation of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Interacting Multiple-Model Method and Its Application to Moisture Content Prediction of ASP Flooding

    Shurong Li1,*, Yulei Ge2, Renlin Zang2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.114, No.1, pp. 95-116, 2018, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2018.114.095
    Abstract In this paper, an interacting multiple-model (IMM) method based on data-driven identification model is proposed for the prediction of nonlinear dynamic systems. Firstly, two basic models are selected as combination components due to their proved effectiveness. One is Gaussian process (GP) model, which can provide the predictive variance of the predicted output and only has several optimizing parameters. The other is regularized extreme learning machine (RELM) model, which can improve the over-fitting problem resulted by empirical risk minimization principle and enhances the overall generalization performance. Then both of the models are updated continually using meaningful new data selected by data… More >

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