Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.118, No.3, 2019
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Office-Teaching Comprehensive Buildings Using a Modified Seismic Performance Evaluation Method

    Hanbo Zhu1,2, Changqing Miao1,2,*, Meiling Zhuang1,2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 471-491, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04382
    Abstract Current building design codes allow the appearance of structural and nonstructural damage under design basis earthquakes. The research regarding probabilistic seismic loss estimation in domestic building structure is urgent. The evaluation in this paper is based on a 11-story reinforced concrete office building, incremental dynamic analysis (IDA) is conducted in Perform 3D program using models capable to simulate all possible limit states up to collapse. Next, the probability distribution of post-earthquake casualties, rebuild costs repair costs and business downtime loss are calculated in PACT software for the studied building considering the modified component vulnerability groups and population flow models. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quantifying Roll Feel of a Car by Using a Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model

    Masaki Izawa1, Ryota Araki1, Tatsuro Suzuki1, Kaito Watanabe2, Kazuhito Misaji3,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 493-507, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04470
    Abstract Primary purpose of this research is to create a three-dimensional musculoskeletal mathematical model of a driver of a car using a motion capture system. The model is then used in an analysis of drive torque around joints and attached muscles as a vehicle travels in different travel modes and damping force settings to examine ‘burdens’ for the driver. Previous studies proposed a method of quantifying the degree of musculoskeletal load in simple human motion from the changes in drive torque around joints and attached muscles. However, examination of the level of burdens for the driver while driving using this method… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Fracture Analysis for Shale Material by Peridynamic Modelling

    Zhanqi Cheng1, Zhenyu Wang1, Zhongtao Luo2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 509-527, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04339
    Abstract In this work, a bond-based peridynamics (PD) model was built to analyze the dynamic fracture of shale material. Both the the convergence studies and the result of dynamic crack propagation were presented. As well-known, crack propagation, aggregation, and bifurcation play an critical role in the failure analysis of brittle materials such as shale. The dynamic crack propagation and branching analysis of shale by using the PD method were discussed. Firstly, the valid and accuracy of the PD model for the rock materials was verified by comparing with the existed numerical results. Secondly, we discussed the convergence both with uniform grid… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On Hiding Secret Information in Medium Frequency DCT Components Using Least Significant Bits Steganography

    Sahib Khan1,*, M A Irfan1, Arslan Arif1, Syed Tahir Hussain Rizvi2, Asma Gul3, Muhammad Naeem4, Nasir Ahmad5
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 529-546, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.06179
    Abstract This work presents a new method of data hiding in digital images, in discrete cosine transform domain. The proposed method uses the least significant bits of the medium frequency components of the cover image for hiding the secret information, while the low and high frequency coefficients are kept unaltered. The unaltered low frequency DCT coefficients preserves the quality of the smooth region of the cover image, while no changes in the high DCT coefficient preserve the quality of the edges. As the medium frequency components have less contribution towards energy and image details, so the modification of these coefficients for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gender-Specific Multi-Task Micro-Expression Recognition Using Pyramid CGBP-TOP Feature

    Chunlong Hu1,*, Jianjun Chen1, Xin Zuo1, Haitao Zou1, Xing Deng1, Yucheng Shu2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 547-559, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04032
    Abstract Micro-expression recognition has attracted growing research interests in the field of compute vision. However, micro-expression usually lasts a few seconds, thus it is difficult to detect. This paper presents a new framework to recognize micro-expression using pyramid histogram of Centralized Gabor Binary Pattern from Three Orthogonal Panels (CGBP-TOP) which is an extension of Local Gabor Binary Pattern from Three Orthogonal Panels feature. CGBP-TOP performs spatial and temporal analysis to capture the local facial characteristics of micro-expression image sequences. In order to keep more local information of the face, CGBP-TOP is extracted based on pyramid sub-regions of the micro-expression video frame.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Non-Ordinary State-Based Peridynamic Formulation for Failure of Concrete Subjected to Impacting Loads

    Liwei Wu1, Dan Huang1,*, Yepeng Xu1, Lei Wang1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 561-581, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04347
    Abstract Strain hardening and strain rate play an important role in dynamic deformation and failure problems such as high-velocity impact cases. In this paper, a non-ordinary state-based peridynamic model for failure and damage of concrete materials subjected to impacting condition is proposed, taking the advantages of both damage model and non-local peridynamic method. The Holmquist-Johnson-Cook (HJC) model describing the mechanical character and damage of concrete materials under large strain, high strain rate and high hydrostatic pressure was reformulated in the framework of non-ordinary state-based peridynamic theory, and the corresponding numerical approach was developed. The proposed model and numerical approach were validated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Trajectory Planning of High Precision Collaborative Robots

    Tuanjie Li1,*, Yan Zhang1, Jiaxing Zhou1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 583-598, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2018.04891
    Abstract In order to satisfy the high efficiency and high precision of collaborative robots, this work presents a novel trajectory planning method. First, in Cartesian space, a novel velocity look-ahead control algorithm and a cubic polynomial are combined to construct the end-effector trajectory of robots. Then, the joint trajectories can be obtained through the inverse kinematics. In order to improve the smoothness and stability in joint space, the joint trajectories are further adjusted based on the velocity look-ahead control algorithm and quintic B-spline. Finally, the proposed trajectory planning method is tested on a 4-DOF serial collaborative robot. The experimental results indicate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Damped and Divergence Exact Solutions for the Duffing Equation Using Leaf Functions and Hyperbolic Leaf Functions

    Kazunori Shinohara1, *
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 599-647, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04472
    Abstract According to the wave power rule, the second derivative of a function x(t) with respect to the variable t is equal to negative n times the function x(t) raised to the power of 2n-1. Solving the ordinary differential equations numerically results in waves appearing in the figures. The ordinary differential equation is very simple; however, waves, including the regular amplitude and period, are drawn in the figure. In this study, the function for obtaining the wave is called the leaf function. Based on the leaf function, the exact solutions for the undamped and unforced Duffing equations are presented. In the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Aerodynamic Characteristics Calculation and Diffusion Law Analysis of Rectangular-Chaff Clouds Under Airflow

    Biao Wang1,*, Yongjian Yang1, Hesong Huang1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 649-678, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.05671
    Abstract To calculate the diffusion law of chaff cloud launched by aircraft, taking rectangular chaff as an example, the diffusion model of chaff cloud is established in this paper. Firstly, the coordinate systems of chaff are defined and the motion model of chaff is established. The motion model mainly includes chaff motion equation and rotation equation, which are obtained by combining the aerodynamic moment and aerodynamic damping. Then, the influence of multi-chaff aerodynamic interference on the movement of chaff is analyzed. Finally, considering the influence of overlap area between chaffs and chaff spacing on the aerodynamic coefficients, the multi-chaff motion model… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Modeling in Drilling of Nimonic C-263 Alloy Using Deform-3D

    M. Nagaraj1,*, A. John Presin Kumar2, C. Ezilarasan3, Rishab Betala4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 679-692, 2019, DOI:10.31614/cmes.2019.04924
    Abstract The paper proposes a simulated 3D Finite Element Model (FEM) for drilling of Nickel based super alloy known as Nimonic C-263. The Lagrangian finite element model-based simulations were performed to determine the thrust force, temperature generation, effective stress, and effective strain. The simulations were performed according to the L27 orthogonal array. A perfect plastic work piece was assumed, and the shape is considered to be cylindrical. The spindle speed, feed rate, and point angle were considered as the input parameters. The work piece was modeled by Johnson–Cook (JC) material model and tungsten carbide (WC) was chosen as the drill bit… More >

Share Link

WeChat scan