Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.15, No.2, 2006
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Efficient Shooting Methods for the Second-Order Ordinary Differential Equations

    Chein-Shan Liu1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 69-86, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.015.069
    Abstract In this paper we will study the numerical integrations of second order boundary value problems under the imposed conditions at t=0 and t=T in a general setting. We can construct a compact space shooting method for finding the unknown initial conditions. The key point is based on the construction of a one-step Lie group element G(u0,uT) and the establishment of a mid-point Lie group element G(r). Then, by imposing G(u0,uT) = G(r) we can search the missing initial conditions through an iterative solution of the weighting factor r ∈ (0,1). Numerical examples were examined to convince that the new approach… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Boundary Element Method to Modelling of Added Mass and Its Effect on Hydrodynamic Forces

    Paola Gardano1, Peter Dabnichki1,2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 87-98, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.015.087
    Abstract The work presents a numerical simulation of hydrodynamic forces generated in front crawl swimming. The three dimensional Laplace's equation is used for the analysis of the flow around a moving body in an infinite domain and considers the effect of the added mass and the acceleration on the hydrodynamic forces (Drag and Lift) generated by the interaction between the flow and the body at different geometric configurations of the arm -- variable elbow angle. Boundary Element Method (BEM) was used to obtain the solution of the three dimensional equation numerically. The aim of the work was two-fold:
    1) to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Topology Optimization of 2D Potential Problems Using Boundary Elements

    Adrián P. Cisilino1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 99-106, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.015.099
    Abstract Topological Optimization provides a powerful framework to obtain the optimal domain topology for several engineering problems. The Topological Derivative is a function which characterizes the sensitivity of a given problem to the change of its topology, like opening a small hole in a continuum or changing the connectivity of rods in a truss.
    A numerical approach for the topological optimization of 2D potential problems using Boundary Elements is presented in this work. The formulation of the problem is based on recent results which allow computing the topological derivative from potential and flux results. The Boundary Element analysis is done… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Detection of Super-elliptical Inclusions in Infrared Computerised Axial Tomography

    N.S.Mera1, L. Elliott2, D.B.Ingham2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 107-114, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.015.107
    Abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency, accuracy and rate of convergence of an evolutionary algorithm for detecting inclusions parametrised by superellipses in non-destructive evaluation and testing. The inverse problem investigated consists of identifying the geometry of discontinuities in a conductive material from Cauchy data measurements taken on the boundary. Temperature and heat flux are measured on the outside boundary of the domain and the position and the size of a super-elliptical inclusion are determined by minimising an objective functional using an evolution strategy. The super-elliptical form allows the parametric model to characterise a variety of shapes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Green Functions for a Continuously Non-homogeneous Saturated Media

    Sarang Seyrafian1, Behrouz Gatmiri2, Asadollah Noorzad3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.15, No.2, pp. 115-126, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.015.115
    Abstract An analytical solution is presented for the response of a non-homogeneous saturated poroelastic half-space under the action of a time-harmonic vertical point load on its surface. The shear modulus is assumed to increase continuously with depth and also the media is considered to obey Biot's poroelastic theory. The system of governing partial differential equations, based on the mentioned assumptions, is converted to ordinary differential equations' system by means of Hankel integral transforms. Then the system of equations is solved by use of generalized power series(Frobenius method) and the expressions for displacements in the interior of the media or in the… More >

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