Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.19, No.3, 2007
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mesoscopic Simulation of Binary Immiscible Fluids Flow in a Square Microchannel with Hydrophobic Surfaces

    S. Chen1,2, Y. Liu1,3, B.C. Khoo4, X.J. Fan5, J.T. Fan6
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 181-196, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.019.181
    Abstract The mesoscopic simulation for fluids flow in a square microchannel is investigated using dissipative particle dynamics. The velocity distribution for single fluid in a square channel is compared with the solutions of CFD solver, which is found to be in good agreement with each other. The no-slip boundary condition could be well held for the repulsive coefficient ranged from 9.68 to 18.0. For the same range of repulsive coefficient, various wettabilities could be obtained by changing the repulsive coefficient for binary immiscible fluids, in which the immiscible fluids are achieved by increasing the repulsive force between species. The typical motion… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Modified Method of Fundamental Solutions with Source on the Boundary for Solving Laplace Equations with Circular and Arbitrary Domains

    D.L. Young1, K.H. Chen2, J.T. Chen3, J.H. Kao4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 197-222, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.019.197
    Abstract A boundary-type method for solving the Laplace problems using the modified method of fundamental solutions (MMFS) is proposed. The present method (MMFS) implements the singular fundamental solutions to evaluate the solutions, and it can locate the source points on the real boundary as contrasted to the conventional MFS, where a fictitious boundary is needed to avoid the singularity of diagonal term of influence matrices. The diagonal term of influence matrices for arbitrary domain can be novelly determined by relating the MFS with the indirect BEM and are also solved for circular domain analytically by using separable kernels and circulants. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Velocity Projection for the Material Point Method

    P. C. Wallstedt1, J. E. Guilkey1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 223-232, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.019.223
    Abstract The standard velocity projection scheme for the Material Point Method (MPM) and a typical form of the GIMP Method are examined. It is demonstrated that the fidelity of information transfer from a particle representation to the computational grid is strongly dependent on particle density and location. In addition, use of non-uniform grids and even non-uniform particle sizes are shown to introduce error. An enhancement to the projection operation is developed which makes use of already available velocity gradient information. This enhancement facilitates exact projection of linear functions and reduces the dependence of projection accuracy on particle location and density for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    In Vivo/Ex Vivo MRI-Based 3D Non-Newtonian FSI Models for Human Atherosclerotic Plaques Compared with Fluid/Wall-Only Models

    Chun Yang1, Dalin Tang2, Chun Yuan3, Thomas S. Hatsukami4, Jie Zheng5, Pamela K. Woodard5
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 233-246, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.019.233
    Abstract It has been recognized that fluid-structure interactions (FSI) play an important role in cardiovascular disease initiation and development. However, in vivo MRI multi-component FSI models for human carotid atherosclerotic plaques with bifurcation and quantitative comparisons of FSI models with fluid-only or structure-only models are currently lacking in the literature. A 3D non-Newtonian multi-component FSI model based on in vivo/ex vivo MRI images for human atherosclerotic plaques was introduced to investigate flow and plaque stress/strain behaviors which may be related to plaque progression and rupture. Both artery wall and plaque components were assumed to be hyperelastic, isotropic, incompressible and homogeneous. Blood… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fracture Analyses in Continuously Nonhomogeneous Piezoelectric Solids by the MLPG

    J. Sladek1, V. Sladek1, Ch. Zhang2, P. Solek3, L. Starek3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 247-262, 2007, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2007.019.247
    Abstract A meshless method based on the local Petrov-Galerkin approach is proposed for crack analysis in two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) axisymmetric piezoelectric solids with continuously varying material properties. Axial symmetry of geometry and boundary conditions reduces the original 3-d boundary value problem into a 2-d problem. Stationary problems are considered in this paper. The axial cross section is discretized into small circular subdomains surrounding nodes randomly spread over the analyzed domain. A unit step function is used as the test functions in the local weak-form. Then, the derived local integral equations (LBIEs) involve only contour-integrals on the surfaces of subdomains.… More >

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