Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.50, No.3, 2009
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation and Natural Computing applied to a Real World Traffic Optimization Case under Stress Conditions:

    M.J. Galán Moreno, J.J. Sánchez Medina, L. Álvarez Álvarez E. Rubio Royo1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.50, No.3, pp. 191-226, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.050.191
    Abstract Urban traffic is a key factor for the development of a city. There exist many different approaches facing traffic optimization. In our case we have focused on traffic lights optimization. We have designed and tested a new architecture to optimize traffic light cycle times. The purpose of this research is to demonstrate the good performance of our architecture in a congested scenario. We have simulated several congestion situations for a very large real world traffic network - "La Almozara" in Zaragoza, Spain. Our results seem encouraging in this extreme situation. As we increase the load in the network we get… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quasi-steady Molecular Statics Model for Simulation of Nanoscale Cutting with Different Diamond Cutters

    Zone-Ching Lin1, Jia-Rong Ye2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.50, No.3, pp. 227-252, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.050.227
    Abstract The paper develops a quasi-steady molecular statics model to analyze nanoscale cutting of copper materials by diamond cutters with different shapes. Cutting action, cutting force, equivalent strain and equivalent stress are discussed and compared. The quasi-steady molecular statics nanocutting model first assumes the trajectory of each atom of the copper workpiece being cut whenever the diamond cutter goes forward one step. It then uses the optimization search method to solve the force equilibrium equation of the Morse force in the X and Y directions when each atom moves a small distance, so as to find the new movement position of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Molecular Dynamics Analysis of the Instability for a Nano-Scale Liquid Thread

    Chun-Lang Yeh 1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.50, No.3, pp. 253-284, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.050.253
    Abstract This paper investigates the instability of a liquid thread by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The influences of liquid thread radius, fundamental cell length, and temperature are discussed. Snapshots of molecules, number of liquid particles formed, and density field are analyzed. Two linear stability criteria, namely Rayleigh's stability criterion and Kim's stability criterion, are accessed for their validity in molecular scale. It is found that a liquid thread is more unstable and produces more liquid particles in the fundamental cell when it is thinner or at a higher temperature. In addition, a liquid thread with a longer fundamental cell length is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulations of Flows over a Pair of Cylinders at Different Arrangements using the Immersed Boundary Method

    A.R. da Silva1, A. Silveira-Neto2,3, D.A. Rade2,4, R.Francis4, E.A. Santos4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.50, No.3, pp. 285-304, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.050.285
    Abstract In the context of computational fluid dynamics a numerical investigation of incompressible flow around fixed pairs of rigid circular cylinders was carried out. The two-dimensional filtered Navier-Stokes equations with the Smagorinsky sub-grid scale model were solved using a Cartesian non-uniform grid. The immersed Boundary Method with the Virtual Physical Model was used in order to model the presence of two circular cylinders embedded in the flow. The fractional time step method was used to couple pressure and velocity fields. The simulations were carried out for Reynolds number equal to 72,000 for pitch ratio equal to 2 and different arrangements regarding… More >

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