Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.60, No.2, 2010
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Flexible Approach for the Calibration of Biplanar Radiography of the Spine on Conventional Radiological Systems

    Daniel C. Moura1, Jorge G. Barbosa1, Ana M. Reis2, João Manuel R. S. Tavares3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 115-138, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.060.115
    Abstract This paper presents a new method for the calibration of biplanar radiography that makes possible performing 3D reconstructions of the spine using conventional radiological systems. A novel approach is proposed in which a measuring device is used for determining focal distance and have a rough estimation of translation parameters. Using these data, 3D reconstructions of the spine with correct scale were successfully obtained without the need of calibration objects, something that was not previously achieved. For superior results, two optional steps may be executed that involve an optimisation of the geometrical parameters, followed by a scale adjustment with a very… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Reduced Polynomials and Their Generation in Adomian Decomposition Methods

    Jun-Sheng Duan1, Ai-Ping Guo2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 139-150, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.060.139
    Abstract Adomian polynomials are constituted of reduced polynomials and derivatives of nonlinear operator. The reduced polynomials are independent of the form of the nonlinear operator. A recursive algorithm of the reduced polynomials is discovered and its symbolic implementation by the software Mathematica is given. As a result, a new and convenient algorithm for the Adomian polynomials is obtained. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sustained Drug Release from Contact Lenses

    J.A.Ferreira2,3, P. Oliveira1, P.M. Silva4, A. Carreira5,3, J.N. Murta6
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 151-180, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.060.151
    Abstract This paper focuses on the release of an ophthalmic drug (flurbiprofen) from a loaded copolymer where the drug is simultaneously dispersed in the polymeric matrix and entrapped in particles. The copolymer is based in 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate co-methacrylic acid and silicone is used to prepare the loaded particles. A mathematical model to simulate the drug release is proposed and a qualitative analysis is performed. In vitro experimental results are compared with simulation results. Contact lens made from the presented copolymer are expected to deliver drug at therapeutical levels for a few days. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Finite Element Analysis of Discrete Circular Dislocations

    K.P. Baxevanakis1, A.E. Giannakopoulos2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 181-198, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.060.181
    Abstract The present work gives a systematic and rigorous implementation of (edge type) circular Volterra dislocation loops in ordinary axisymmetric finite elements using the thermal analogue and the integral representation of dislocations through stresses. The accuracy of the proposed method is studied in problems where analytical solutions exist. The full fields are given for loop dislocations in isotropic and anisotropic crystals and the Peach-Koehler forces are calculated for loops approaching free surfaces and bimaterial interfaces. The results are expected to be very important in the analysis of plastic yield strength, giving quantitative results regarding the influence of grain boundaries, interstitial particles,… More >

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