Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.92, No.2, 2013
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiobjective Optimization for Ship Hull Form Design Using SBD Technique

    Shengzhong Li1, Feng Zhao1, Qi-Jun Ni1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 123-149, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.123
    Abstract With the rapid development of computer technology and the continuous improvement of optimization theory, optimization techniques have been introduced into the field of ship design. Optimization algorithms and advanced CFD techniques are successfully integrated together into what is known as Simulation- Based Design (SBD) techniques, which opens a new situation for hull-form optimization design and configuration innovation. In this paper, fundamental elements of the SBD techniques are described and crucial components are analyzed profoundly. Focus is on breaking through key technologies as hull geometry modification and reconstruction, global optimization algorithms, and codes integration. Combined with high-fidelity CFD codes (on RANS),… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Low and High Velocity Impact Studies on Fabric Reinforced Concrete Panels

    Smitha Gopinath1, C.K. Madheswaran1, A. Rama Ch,ra Murthy1, Nagesh. R. Iyer2, Barkavi.T3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 151-172, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.151
    Abstract This paper presents the details of experimental and numerical investigations performed on fabric reinforced concrete (FABcrete) panels under impact loading. Experimental investigations have been carried out using drop weight impact on a square FABcrete panel to study the damage, failure mode and acceleration. The drop weight of 20 kg is used for the study and drop heights have been varied as 100mm, 200mm and 300mm. Numerical simulation of the drop weight impact tests on FABcrete panels have been carried out and observed that there is a good correlation between experimental and numerical predictions. It is observed that the FABcrete specimen… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Stochastic Multi-scale Model for Predicting the Thermal Expansion Coefficient of Early-age Concrete

    S. Liu1, X. Liu2, X. F. Guan3, P.F. He1, Y. Yuan2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 173-191, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.173
    Abstract Early performance of mass concrete structures is very sensitive to the thermal expansion characteristics of concrete. As a kind of multi-phase composite, concrete has different material composition and microscopic configuration in different scales. Its thermal expansion coefficient (CTE) depends not only on the physical and mechanical properties of the constituents, but also on their distribution. What’s more, CTE is also time-dependent with the procedure of hydration. This research proposes a stochastic multi-scale model for analyzing CTE of concrete. In the developed model, concrete macro-scale is divided into three different levels: cement paste scale, mortar scale and concrete meso-scale; a specific… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A set-based method for structural eigenvalue analysis using Kriging model and PSO algorithm

    Zichun Yang1,2,3, Wencai Sun2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 193-212, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.193
    Abstract The set-based structural eigenvalue problem is defined, by expressing the uncertainties of the structural parameters in terms of various convex sets. A new method based on Kriging model and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is proposed for solving this problem. The introduction of the Kriging model into this approach can effectively reduce the computational burden especially for largescale structures. The solutions of the non-linear and non-monotonic problems are more accurate than those obtained by other methods in the literature with the PSO algorithm. The experimental points for Kriging model are sampled according to Latin hypercube sampling method. Two approaches of imposing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A GL(n,R) Differential Algebraic Equation Method for Numerical Differentiation of Noisy Signal

    Chein-Shan Liu1, Satya N. Atluri2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 213-239, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.213
    Abstract We show that the problem "real-time numerical differentiation" of a given noisy signal in time, by supplementing a compensated controller in the second-order robust exact differentiator, the tracking differentiator or the continuous hybrid differentiator, can be viewed as a set of differential algebraic equations (DAEs) to enhance a precise tracking of the given noisy signal. Thus, we are able to solve the highly ill-posed problem of numerical differentiation of noisy signal by using the Lie-group differential algebraic differentiators (LGDADs) based on the Lie-group GL(n,R), whose accuracy and tracking performance are better than before. The "index-two" differentiators (ITDs), which do not… More >

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