Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.99, No.3, 2014
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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Large Eddy Simulation of Three Dimensional Impinging Jets

    Nadjib Ghiti1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.99, No.3, pp. 195-208, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.099.195
    Abstract This paper presents a large eddy simulation of three dimensional vertically impinging jet on a horizontal plate. The air impinging jet was simulated using the perturbed method based on a high vortex number in the jet inlet for different ranges of Reynolds number Re= 6000, 8000, 10000, 12000, 14000 and for the same distance between the jet and the impinging plate. The effect of the Reynolds number of the air jet impinging on a horizontal plate was studied; the study showed that the vorticity magnitude is increased with the increasing of the Reynolds number. The turbulent flow jet was decomposed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stochastic Finite Element Method Reliability Analysis of the Corrugated I-beam Girder

    Damian Sokolowski1, Marcin Kamiński2, Michal Strakowski1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.99, No.3, pp. 209-231, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.099.209
    Abstract The main issue in this paper is to present stochastic analysis of the steel plate girder with the corrugated web subjected to Gaussian random fluctuations in its web thickness. Such an analysis is carried out using the Stochastic Finite Element Method based on the generalized stochastic perturbation technique and discretization of structure with the quadrilateral 4-noded shell finite elements. It is numerically implemented using the FEM system ABAQUS and the symbolic algebra system MAPLE, where all the probabilistic procedures are programmed. We compare the perturbation-based results with these obtained from traditional Monte-Carlo simulation and, separately, analytical solution calculated by a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long-term Analyses of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Arches Accounting for Interval Uncertainty

    Yong-Lin Pi1, Mark Andrew Bradford1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.99, No.3, pp. 233-253, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.099.233
    Abstract Creep and shrinkage of the concrete core of a concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) arch under sustained loading are inevitable, and cause a long-term change of the equilibrium configuration of the CFST arch. As the equilibrium configuration changes continuously, the long-term radial and axial displacements of the CFST arch, stress distributions as well as the internal forces in the steel tube and the concrete core change substantially with time. Creep and shrinkage of the concrete core are related to a number of its material parameters such as its creep coefficient, aging coefficient, and shrinkage strain. The values of these parameters differ… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Simulation of Stress Concentration Problems by Hexahedral Hybrid-Trefftz Finite Element Models

    F.L.S. Bussamra1, E.Lucena Neto1, W.M. Ponciano1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.99, No.3, pp. 255-272, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.099.255
    Abstract Hybrid-Trefftz stress finite elements have been applied with success to the analysis of linear and non-linear problems in structural mechanics. Two independent fields are approximated: stresses within the elements and displacements on their boundary. The stress field satisfies the Trefftz constraint a priori, i.e., it is extracted from the Navier equation solution. This type of element has provided remarkable improvement in stress predictions compared to the standard displacement-based finite elements. In this work, solution of stress concentration problems is carried out by hexahedral hybrid-Trefftz stress element models. Stress concentration factors and stress intensity factors are then identified and compared with… More >

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