Table of Content

Issues and Challenges in Futuristic Aerial-Ground Networks

Submission Deadline: 01 February 2023 Submit to Special Issue

Guest Editors

Prof. Al-Sakib Khan Pathan, United International University, Bangladesh
Dr. Saifur Rahman Sabuj, Hanbat National University, South Korea
Dr. Md Akbar Hossain, Manukau Institute of Technology, New Zealand


The use of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) has become very common in the last two decades for various application scenarios including civilian and military purposes. A UAV-mounted base station in an aerial network can be called a flying antenna which can work as a hub between the backhaul network and the access network. By backhaul, we usually mean the side of the network that communicates with the global Internet while the access network is related to the users that connects subscribers to a particular service provider or another network (or, the Internet) through a carrier network. Indeed, we have been observing various new models and integration approaches of different types of old, existing and futuristic networks. One such example is the effort of integration of aerial networks with 5G terrestrial networks. The idea is that futuristic networks would require smooth aerial-ground wireless communications for broader services. Due to the high altitude from the ground, traditional satellite communications systems such as geostationary earth orbit (GEO) and medium earth orbit (MEO) are unable to provide the desired services. However, in the recent time, there are some efforts of providing massive uninterrupted broadband wireless connectivity in 5G and beyond networks with the aid of constellation of numerous satellites in low earth orbit (LEO). While the researchers are trying to resolve various issues of inter-network communications, security, QoS (Quality of Service), latency, and so on, the aerospace network devices at high altitude platforms (HAPs), like unmanned airships or airplanes and low altitude platforms (LAPs) devices like drones, balloons, etc. can come into real help. Interestingly, while the presence of various types of radiofrequencies can support such networks, there could also be adverse health impacts of these networks (alongside the other technical issues and challenges). The question is whether the benefit outweighs the risk.


In this special issue, our objective is to collate the most recent advances in the areas of aerial-ground networks and the supporting technologies. We would like to offer a platform to the researchers to share their findings, either of concrete technical kind or survey. The topics of interest are as noted below (separately). However, this list should not be considered exhaustive. 


Uninterrupted wireless connectivity via aerial network
Security and privacy issues in aerial-ground networks
UAV-supported reliable communication
Convergence of heterogeneous wireless networks
Aerial-ground network for disaster monitoring and emergency response
Mobile communication support using aerial-ground networks
Smart city support via aerial-ground networks
Mobile and e-healthcare with the aid of aerial-ground networks
Trust issues in aerial-ground networks
Safety issues and standards for aerial-ground networks
Disruptions/Convenience of aerial-ground networks and health impacts
Broader wireless coverage using aerial-ground networks

Published Papers

  • Open Access


    Low Altitude Satellite Constellation for Futuristic Aerial-Ground Communications

    Saifur Rahman Sabuj, Mohammad Saadman Alam, Majumder Haider, Md Akbar Hossain, Al-Sakib Khan Pathan
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024078
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Issues and Challenges in Futuristic Aerial-Ground Networks)
    Abstract This paper discusses the significance and prospects of low altitude small satellite aerial vehicles to ensure smooth aerial-ground communications for next-generation broadband networks. To achieve the generic goals of fifthgeneration and beyond wireless networks, the existing aerial network architecture needs to be revisited. The detailed architecture of low altitude aerial networks and the challenges in resource management have been illustrated in this paper. Moreover, we have studied the coordination between promising communication technologies and low altitude aerial networks to provide robust network coverage. We talk about the techniques that can ensure userfriendly control and monitoring of the low altitude aerial… More >

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