Home / Journals / OR / Vol.24, No.2, 2016
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Mitoxantrone and Etoposide for the Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients in First Relapse

    Annie Im, Ali Amjad, Mounzer Agha, Anastasios Raptis, Jing-Zhou Hou, Rafic Farah, Seah Lim, Alison Sehgal, Kathleen A. Dorritie, Robert L. Redner, Brian McLaughlin, Yongli Shuai, Shrina Duggal, Michael Boyiadzis
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 73-80, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14586627440156
    Abstract Relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) represents a major therapeutic challenge. Achieving complete remission (CR) with salvage chemotherapy is the first goal of therapy for relapsed AML. However, there is no standard salvage chemotherapy. The current study evaluated outcomes and prognostic factors for achievement of CR in 91 AML patients in first relapse who were treated with the mitoxantrone–etoposide combination regimen. The overall response rate (CR and CRi) was 25%. Factors that were associated with a lower rate of CR included older age, shorter duration of first CR, low hemoglobin, and low platelet count. The median… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Krüppel-Like Factor 4 Enhances Sensitivity of Cisplatin to Lung Cancer Cells and Inhibits Regulating Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition

    Shenggang Liu*, Hongzhong Yang, Ying Chen, Baimei He§, Qiong Chen§
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 81-87, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14597766487717
    Abstract In order to improve therapeutic efficacy, it is a current emergency to better know the mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in lung cancer cells. In this study, we aim to investigate the role of Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) in cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cells. We developed cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cell line A549/ DDP, and then a battery of experiments was used to analyze the effects of KLF4 in cisplatin resistance of lung cancer. We found that KLF4 was significantly downregulated in cisplatin-resistant A549 cells and forced KLF4 expression inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis. Further, we found More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    miR-187-5p Regulates Cell Growth and Apoptosis in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia via DKK2

    Ye Lou*1, Lei Liu†1, Lihui Zhan, Xuewei Wang§, Hua Fan
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 89-97, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14597766487753
    Abstract Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common childhood malignancy and causes a high rate of mortality in affected adults. Many subtypes of ALL exist with disruptions in distinct genetic pathways, including those regulated by miRNAs. Here we identify miR-187-5p as being highly upregulated in B-cell ALL and a driver of cellular proliferation and suppressor of apoptosis. We show that miR-187-5p directly targets the 3'-UTR of DKK2 to mediate these effects. We further determine that inhibition of DKK2 by miR-187-5p in Nalm-6 B cells leads to inappropriate activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Together, these findings reveal More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    The Downregulation of MicroRNA-10b and its Role in Cervical Cancer

    Dongling Zou*, Qi Zhou, Dong Wang, Lili Guan*, Li Yuan*†, Shaolin Li*
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 99-108, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14611963142173
    Abstract It has been demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in a variety of cancers. Our previous work suggested that miR-10a/b functioned as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer, and miR-10b was also reported to be significantly downregulated in advanced stage cervical cancer tissues. However, the aberrant expression of miR-10b in cervical cancer and its possible role in cervical carcinogenesis was largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the expression of miR-10b in cervical cancer tissues, carcinoma in situ tissues, mild dysplasia, moderate dysplasia, severe dysplasia tissues, and normal controls. We found More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    miR-34b Targets HSF1 to Suppress Cell Survival in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

    Gangcan Li, Yanping Song, Yunjie Zhang, Hao Wang, Jia Xie
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 109-116, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14611963142254
    Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most lethal hematological malignancy, and the occurrence of chemoresistance prevents the achievement of complete remission following the standard therapy. MicroRNAs have been extensively investigated as critical regulators of hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis, and they represent a promising strategy for AML therapy. In this study, we identified miR-34b as a novel regulator in myeloid proliferation and apoptosis of leukemic cells. We found that miR-34b was developmentally upregulated in plasma and myeloid cells of healthy subjects, while it was significantly reduced in blood samples of patients with AML and AML cell lines.… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    REVIEW

    Molecularly Targeted Drugs Plus Radiotherapy and Temozolomide Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review

    Jiahao Su*, Meiqin Cai*, Wensheng Li*, Bo Hou, Haiyong He, Cong Ling,Tengchao Huang, Huijiao Liu, Ying Guo*
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 117-128, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14612603423511
    Abstract Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor that nearly always results in a bad prognosis. Temozolomide plus radiotherapy (TEM+RAD) is the most common treatment for newly diagnosed GBM. With the development of molecularly targeted drugs, several clinical trials were reported; however, the efficacy of the treatment remains controversial. So we attempted to measure the dose of the molecularly targeted drug that could improve the prognosis of those patients. The appropriate electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library) were searched for relevant studies. A meta-analysis was performed after determining which studies… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Gemcitabine Plus Vinorelbine as Second-Line Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Esophageal Cancer Previously Treated With Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

    Yue-shen Wang*1, Jing Tian†1, Yong Han, Shu-mei Han, Sheng-bin Shi
    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.2, pp. 129-135, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14618564639213
    Abstract We evaluated the efficacy and feasibility of the combination of gemcitabine plus vinorelbine in patients with platinum-based chemotherapy-refractory esophageal cancer. We enrolled 35 patients who received gemcitabine plus vinorelbine as second-line treatment after platinum-based chemotherapy failure between May 2009 and April 2012. Dosage: gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 plus vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 ; all drugs were administered on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle, and this was continued until failure or unacceptable toxicity. A total of 125 cycles of treatment were administered, and all patients received at least two cycles of treatment (two to five cycles;… More >

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