Special Issues
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Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image

Submission Deadline: 31 July 2024 View: 358 Submit to Special Issue

Guest Editors

Prof. Tao Zhou, North Minzu University, China
Prof. Huiyu Zhou, University of Leicester, UK
Prof. Chen Li, Northeastern University, China

Summary

Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) has made considerable progress in the last decades, resulting in the development of several effective CAD systems. Recent advances in machine learning (ML) have opened up novel avenues for computer-assisted diagnosis of medical image. Additionally, improvements in ML techniques, the majority of which are based on Deep Learning (DL), have substantially impacted the performance of CAD systems.

 

Currently, the medical sector demands more creative technology to handle vast amounts of data and enhance the quality of service provided to patients.  It also requires an intelligent system to identify early symptoms of multiple diseases and give suitable treatment. A significant recent breakthrough via DL techniques has garnered interest in academic research and business application groups. DL is the most rapidly expanding discipline of machine learning. Recent studies have shown that DL may dramatically improve the diagnosis prediction of contagious diseases. Hence, DL approaches can enhance the accuracy of CAD systems.

 

Both original research and reviews will be considered. The following subtopics are the particular interests of this special issue, including but not limited to:

Deep learning for Instance segmentation based on medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Deep learning for Semantic segmentation based on medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Deep learning for Object detection based on medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Deep learning for Multimodal medical image fusion based on medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Data security and user privacy solutions for medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Deep learning for Computer Aided Diagnosis based on medical image (X ray, CT, MRI, Ultrasonic image, PET, SPCT)

Semi-Supervised deep learning for medical imaging

Transfer learning in medical imaging


Keywords

Computer-Aided Diagnosis, Deep Learning, Medical Image Segmentation, Medical Image Fusion, Medical Image Enhancement

Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Colorectal Cancer Segmentation Algorithm Based on Deep Features from Enhanced CT Images

    Shi Qiu, Hongbing Lu, Jun Shu, Ting Liang, Tao Zhou
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052476
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Colorectal cancer, a malignant lesion of the intestines, significantly affects human health and life, emphasizing the necessity of early detection and treatment. Accurate segmentation of colorectal cancer regions directly impacts subsequent staging, treatment methods, and prognostic outcomes. While colonoscopy is an effective method for detecting colorectal cancer, its data collection approach can cause patient discomfort. To address this, current research utilizes Computed Tomography (CT) imaging; however, conventional CT images only capture transient states, lacking sufficient representational capability to precisely locate colorectal cancer. This study utilizes enhanced CT images, constructing a deep feature network from the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Two Stages Segmentation Algorithm of Breast Tumor in DCE-MRI Based on Multi-Scale Feature and Boundary Attention Mechanism

    Bing Li, Liangyu Wang, Xia Liu, Hongbin Fan, Bo Wang, Shoudi Tong
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1543-1561, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052009
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging of breasts often presents complex backgrounds. Breast tumors exhibit varying sizes, uneven intensity, and indistinct boundaries. These characteristics can lead to challenges such as low accuracy and incorrect segmentation during tumor segmentation. Thus, we propose a two-stage breast tumor segmentation method leveraging multi-scale features and boundary attention mechanisms. Initially, the breast region of interest is extracted to isolate the breast area from surrounding tissues and organs. Subsequently, we devise a fusion network incorporating multi-scale features and boundary attention mechanisms for breast tumor segmentation. We incorporate multi-scale parallel dilated convolution modules into… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pulmonary Edema and Pleural Effusion Detection Using EfficientNet-V1-B4 Architecture and AdamW Optimizer from Chest X-Rays Images

    Anas AbuKaraki, Tawfi Alrawashdeh, Sumaya Abusaleh, Malek Zakarya Alksasbeh, Bilal Alqudah, Khalid Alemerien, Hamzah Alshamaseen
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.80, No.1, pp. 1055-1073, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.051420
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract This paper presents a novel multiclass system designed to detect pleural effusion and pulmonary edema on chest X-ray images, addressing the critical need for early detection in healthcare. A new comprehensive dataset was formed by combining 28,309 samples from the ChestX-ray14, PadChest, and CheXpert databases, with 10,287, 6022, and 12,000 samples representing Pleural Effusion, Pulmonary Edema, and Normal cases, respectively. Consequently, the preprocessing step involves applying the Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) method to boost the local contrast of the X-ray samples, then resizing the images to 380 × 380 dimensions, followed by using the data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Multi-Scale Feature Fusion Network Algorithm Based on Brain Tumor Medical Image Classification

    Yuting Zhou, Xuemei Yang, Junping Yin, Shiqi Liu
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 5313-5333, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.052060
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Gliomas have the highest mortality rate of all brain tumors. Correctly classifying the glioma risk period can help doctors make reasonable treatment plans and improve patients’ survival rates. This paper proposes a hierarchical multi-scale attention feature fusion medical image classification network (HMAC-Net), which effectively combines global features and local features. The network framework consists of three parallel layers: The global feature extraction layer, the local feature extraction layer, and the multi-scale feature fusion layer. A linear sparse attention mechanism is designed in the global feature extraction layer to reduce information redundancy. In the local feature… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MCIF-Transformer Mask RCNN: Multi-Branch Cross-Scale Interactive Feature Fusion Transformer Model for PET/CT Lung Tumor Instance Segmentation

    Huiling Lu, Tao Zhou
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.3, pp. 4371-4393, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047827
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract The precise detection and segmentation of tumor lesions are very important for lung cancer computer-aided diagnosis. However, in PET/CT (Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography) lung images, the lesion shapes are complex, the edges are blurred, and the sample numbers are unbalanced. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a Multi-branch Cross-scale Interactive Feature fusion Transformer model (MCIF-Transformer Mask RCNN) for PET/CT lung tumor instance segmentation, The main innovative works of this paper are as follows: Firstly, the ResNet-Transformer backbone network is used to extract global feature and local feature in lung images. The pixel dependence relationship… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RepBoTNet-CESA: An Alzheimer’s Disease Computer Aided Diagnosis Method Using Structural Reparameterization BoTNet and Cubic Embedding Self Attention

    Xiabin Zhang, Zhongyi Hu, Lei Xiao, Hui Huang
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2879-2905, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048725
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Various deep learning models have been proposed for the accurate assisted diagnosis of early-stage Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Most studies predominantly employ Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), which focus solely on local features, thus encountering difficulties in handling global features. In contrast to natural images, Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging (sMRI) images exhibit a higher number of channel dimensions. However, during the Position Embedding stage of Multi Head Self Attention (MHSA), the coded information related to the channel dimension is disregarded. To tackle these issues, we propose the RepBoTNet-CESA network, an advanced AD-aided diagnostic model that is capable… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Positron Emission Tomography Lung Image Respiratory Motion Correcting with Equivariant Transformer

    Jianfeng He, Haowei Ye, Jie Ning, Hui Zhou, Bo She
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3355-3372, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048706
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract In addressing the challenge of motion artifacts in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) lung scans, our study introduces the Triple Equivariant Motion Transformer (TEMT), an innovative, unsupervised, deep-learning-based framework for efficient respiratory motion correction in PET imaging. Unlike traditional techniques, which segment PET data into bins throughout a respiratory cycle and often face issues such as inefficiency and overemphasis on certain artifacts, TEMT employs Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for effective feature extraction and motion decomposition.TEMT’s unique approach involves transforming motion sequences into Lie group domains to highlight fundamental motion patterns, coupled with employing competitive weighting for More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Deep Learning Framework for Mass-Forming Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Classification Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Luda Chen, Kuangzhu Bao, Ying Chen, Jingang Hao, Jianfeng He
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 409-427, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048507
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Pancreatic diseases, including mass-forming chronic pancreatitis (MFCP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), present with similar imaging features, leading to diagnostic complexities. Deep Learning (DL) methods have been shown to perform well on diagnostic tasks. Existing DL pancreatic lesion diagnosis studies based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilize the prior information to guide models to focus on the lesion region. However, over-reliance on prior information may ignore the background information that is helpful for diagnosis. This study verifies the diagnostic significance of the background information using a clinical dataset. Consequently, the Prior Difference Guidance Network (PDGNet)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HCSP-Net: A Novel Model of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Classification Based on Color Fundus Photography

    Cheng Wan, Jiani Zhao, Xiangqian Hong, Weihua Yang, Shaochong Zhang
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 391-407, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048307
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) ranks third among the most common causes of blindness. As the most conventional and direct method for identifying AMD, color fundus photography has become prominent owing to its consistency, ease of use, and good quality in extensive clinical practice. In this study, a convolutional neural network (CSPDarknet53) was combined with a transformer to construct a new hybrid model, HCSP-Net. This hybrid model was employed to tri-classify color fundus photography into the normal macula (NM), dry macular degeneration (DMD), and wet macular degeneration (WMD) based on clinical classification manifestations, thus identifying and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Olive Leaf Disease Detection via Wavelet Transform and Feature Fusion of Pre-Trained Deep Learning Models

    Mahmood A. Mahmood, Khalaf Alsalem
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3431-3448, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047604
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Olive trees are susceptible to a variety of diseases that can cause significant crop damage and economic losses. Early detection of these diseases is essential for effective management. We propose a novel transformed wavelet, feature-fused, pre-trained deep learning model for detecting olive leaf diseases. The proposed model combines wavelet transforms with pre-trained deep-learning models to extract discriminative features from olive leaf images. The model has four main phases: preprocessing using data augmentation, three-level wavelet transformation, learning using pre-trained deep learning models, and a fused deep learning model. In the preprocessing phase, the image dataset is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MSADCN: Multi-Scale Attentional Densely Connected Network for Automated Bone Age Assessment

    Yanjun Yu, Lei Yu, Huiqi Wang, Haodong Zheng, Yi Deng
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2225-2243, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047641
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Bone age assessment (BAA) helps doctors determine how a child’s bones grow and develop in clinical medicine. Traditional BAA methods rely on clinician expertise, leading to time-consuming predictions and inaccurate results. Most deep learning-based BAA methods feed the extracted critical points of images into the network by providing additional annotations. This operation is costly and subjective. To address these problems, we propose a multi-scale attentional densely connected network (MSADCN) in this paper. MSADCN constructs a multi-scale dense connectivity mechanism, which can avoid overfitting, obtain the local features effectively and prevent gradient vanishing even in limited… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review of the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Orthopedic Diseases

    Xinlong Diao, Xiao Wang, Junkang Qin, Qinmu Wu, Zhiqin He, Xinghong Fan
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2617-2665, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047377
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract In recent years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has revolutionized people’s lives. AI has long made breakthrough progress in the field of surgery. However, the research on the application of AI in orthopedics is still in the exploratory stage. The paper first introduces the background of AI and orthopedic diseases, addresses the shortcomings of traditional methods in the detection of fractures and orthopedic diseases, draws out the advantages of deep learning and machine learning in image detection, and reviews the latest results of deep learning and machine learning applied to orthopedic image detection in recent years, describing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilevel Attention Unet Segmentation Algorithm for Lung Cancer Based on CT Images

    Huan Wang, Shi Qiu, Benyue Zhang, Lixuan Xiao
    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1569-1589, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046821
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Deep Learning in Computer-Aided Diagnosis Based on Medical Image)
    Abstract Lung cancer is a malady of the lungs that gravely jeopardizes human health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount for the preservation of human life. Lung computed tomography (CT) image sequences can explicitly delineate the pathological condition of the lungs. To meet the imperative for accurate diagnosis by physicians, expeditious segmentation of the region harboring lung cancer is of utmost significance. We utilize computer-aided methods to emulate the diagnostic process in which physicians concentrate on lung cancer in a sequential manner, erect an interpretable model, and attain segmentation of lung cancer. The specific advancements… More >

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