Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.126, No.1, 2021
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Introduction to the Special Issue on Design and Simulation in Additive Manufacturing

    Di Wang1, Yongqiang Yang1,*, Yingjun Wang1,*, Li Yang2, Hao Wang3, Shoufeng Yang4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 1-4, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015180
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Design & simulation in Additive Manufacturing)
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mesoscopic-Scale Numerical Investigation Including the Inuence of Process Parameters on LPBF Multi-Layer Multi-Path Formation

    Liu Cao*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 5-23, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014693
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Design & simulation in Additive Manufacturing)
    Abstract As a typical laser additive manufacturing technology, laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) has achieved demonstration applications in aerospace, biomedical and other fields. However, how to select process parameters quickly and reasonably is still the main concern of LPBF production. In order to quantitatively analyze the inuence of different process parameters (laser power, scanning speed, hatch space and layer thickness) on the LPBF process, the multi-layer and multi-path forming process of LPBF was predicted based on the open-source discrete element method framework Yade and the open-source finite volume method framework OpenFOAM. Based on the design of experiments method, a four-factor three-level… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Meshless Collocation Method with Barycentric Lagrange Interpolation for Solving the Helmholtz Equation

    Miaomiao Yang, Wentao Ma, Yongbin Ge*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 25-54, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012575
    Abstract In this paper, Chebyshev interpolation nodes and barycentric Lagrange interpolation basis function are used to deduce the scheme for solving the Helmholtz equation. First of all, the interpolation basis function is applied to treat the spatial variables and their partial derivatives, and the collocation method for solving the second order differential equations is established. Secondly, the differential equations on a given test node. Finally, based on three kinds of test nodes, numerical experiments show that the present scheme can not only calculate the high wave numbers problems, but also calculate the variable wave numbers problems. In addition, the algorithm has… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiquadric Radial Basis Function Approximation Scheme for Solution of Total Variation Based Multiplicative Noise Removal Model

    Mushtaq Ahmad Khan1,*, Ahmed B. Altamimi2, Zawar Hussain Khan3, Khurram Shehzad Khattak3, Sahib Khan4,*, Asmat Ullah3, Murtaza Ali1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 55-88, 2021, DOI: 10.32604/cmes.2021.011163
    Abstract This article introduces a fast meshless algorithm for the numerical solution nonlinear partial differential equations (PDE) by Radial Basis Functions (RBFs) approximation connected with the Total Variation (TV)-based minimization functional and to show its application to image denoising containing multiplicative noise. These capabilities used within the proposed algorithm have not only the quality of image denoising, edge preservation but also the property of minimization of staircase effect which results in blocky effects in the images. It is worth mentioning that the recommended method can be easily employed for nonlinear problems due to the lack of dependence on a mesh or… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Security Assessment Methodology for Web Applications

    Roddy A. Correa1, Juan Ramón Bermejo Higuera2, Javier Bermejo Higuera2, Juan Antonio Sicilia Montalvo2, Manuel Sánchez Rubio2, Á. Alberto Magreñán3,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 89-124, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.010700
    Abstract This study presents a methodology to evaluate and prevent security vulnerabilities issues for web applications. The analysis process is based on the use of techniques and tools that allow to perform security assessments of white box and black box, to carry out the security validation of a web application in an agile and precise way. The objective of the methodology is to take advantage of the synergies of semi-automatic static and dynamic security analysis tools and manual checks. Each one of the phases contemplated in the methodology is supported by security analysis tools of different degrees of coverage, so that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Isogeometric Boundary Element Analysis for 2D Transient Heat Conduction Problem with Radial Integration Method

    Leilei Chen1, Kunpeng Li1, Xuan Peng2, Haojie Lian3,4,*, Xiao Lin5, Zhuojia Fu6
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 125-146, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012821
    Abstract This paper presents an isogeometric boundary element method (IGABEM) for transient heat conduction analysis. The Non-Uniform Rational B-spline (NURBS) basis functions, which are used to construct the geometry of the structures, are employed to discretize the physical unknowns in the boundary integral formulations of the governing equations. B´ezier extraction technique is employed to accelerate the evaluation of NURBS basis functions. We adopt a radial integration method to address the additional domain integrals. The numerical examples demonstrate the advantage of IGABEM in dimension reduction and the seamless connection between CAD and numerical analysis. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CFD-Based Simulation and Analysis of Hydrothermal Aspects in Solar Channel Heat Exchangers with Various Designed Vortex Generators

    Mohamed Salmi1,2, Younes Menni3, Ali J. Chamkha4,5,*, Houari Ameur6, Rachid Maouedj7, Ahmed Youcef7
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 147-173, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012839
    Abstract The hydrothermal behavior of air inside a solar channel heat exchanger equipped with various shaped ribs is analyzed numerically. The bottom wall of the exchanger is kept adiabatic, while a constant value of the temperature is set at the upper wall. The duct is equipped with a flat rectangular fin on the upper wall and an upstream V-shaped baffle on the lower wall. Furthermore, five hot wall-attached rib shapes are considered: trapezoidal, square, triangular pointing upstream (type I), triangular pointing downstream (type II), and equilateral-triangular (type III) cross sections. Effects of the flow rates are also inspected for various Reynolds… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel BEM for Modeling and Simulation of 3T Nonlinear Generalized Anisotropic Micropolar-Thermoelasticity Theory with Memory Dependent Derivative

    Mohamed Abdelsabour Fahmy1,2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 175-199, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012218
    Abstract The main aim of this paper is to propose a new memory dependent derivative (MDD) theory which called threetemperature nonlinear generalized anisotropic micropolar-thermoelasticity. The system of governing equations of the problems associated with the proposed theory is extremely difficult or impossible to solve analytically due to nonlinearity, MDD diffusion, multi-variable nature, multi-stage processing and anisotropic properties of the considered material. Therefore, we propose a novel boundary element method (BEM) formulation for modeling and simulation of such system. The computational performance of the proposed technique has been investigated. The numerical results illustrate the effects of time delays and kernel functions on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Essential Features Preserving Dynamics of Stochastic Dengue Model

    Wasfi Shatanawi1,2,3, Ali Raza4,5,*, Muhammad Shoaib Arif4, Muhammad Rafiq6, Mairaj Bibi7, Muhammad Mohsin8
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 201-215, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012111
    Abstract Nonlinear stochastic modelling plays an important character in the different fields of sciences such as environmental, material, engineering, chemistry, physics, biomedical engineering, and many more. In the current study, we studied the computational dynamics of the stochastic dengue model with the real material of the model. Positivity, boundedness, and dynamical consistency are essential features of stochastic modelling. Our focus is to design the computational method which preserves essential features of the model. The stochastic non-standard finite difference technique is most efficient as compared to other techniques used in literature. Analysis and comparison were explored in favour of convergence. Also, we… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fracture Reactivation Modeling in a Depleted Reservoir

    Mengtao Cao1,2, Weiguo Liang1,2, Shunde Yin3,*, Maurice B. Dusseault4
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 217-239, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.011823
    Abstract Injection-induced fracture reactivation during hydraulic fracturing processes in shale gas development as well as coal bed methane (CBM) and other unconventional oil and gas recovery is widely investigated because of potential permeability enhancement impacts. Less attention is paid to induced fracture reactivation during oil and gas production and its impacts on reservoir permeability, despite its relatively common occurrence. During production, a reservoir tends to shrink as effective stresses increase, and the deviatoric effective stresses also increase. These changes in the principal effective stresses may cause Coulomb fracture slip in existing natural fractures, depending on their strength, orientation, and initial stress… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multiple Response Optimization of Dimensional Accuracy of Nimonic Alloy Miniature Gear Machined on Wire Edm Using Entropy Topsis Andpareto Anova

    Tina Chaudhary1,*, Arshad Noor Siddiquee2, Arindam Kumar Chanda3, Shafi Ahmad2, Irfan Anjum Badruddin4,*, Zahid A. Khan2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 241-259, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013368
    Abstract The purpose of this research is to obtain the optimum cutting parameters to achieve the dimensional accuracy of Nimonic alloy miniature gear manufactured using Wire EDM. The cutting parameters investigated in this study are current, pulse on time (PON), pulse off time (POFF), wire tension (WT) and dielectric fluids. Ethylene glycol, nanopowder of alumina and oxygen are mixed to demineralized water to prepare novel dielectric fluids. Deviation in inner diameter, deviation in outer diameter, deviation in land and deviation in tooth width are considered to check the dimensional accuracy. Taguchi L16 is employed for experimental design and multiple response optimization… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Kriging Surrogate-Based Genetic Algorithm Optimization for Blade Design of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

    Nantiwat Pholdee1, Sujin Bureerat1, Weerapon Nuantong2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 261-273, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012349
    Abstract Horizontal axis wind turbines are some of the most widely used clean energy generators in the world. Horizontal axis wind turbine blades need to be designed for optimization in order to maximize efficiency and simultaneously minimize the cost of energy. This work presents the optimization of new MEXICO blades for a horizontal axis wind turbine at the wind speed of 10 m/s. The optimization problem is posed to maximize the power coefficient while the design variables are twist angles on the blade radius and rotating axis positions on a chord length of the airfoils. Computational fluid dynamics was used for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lemniscate of Leaf Function

    Kazunori Shinohara*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 275-292, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012383
    Abstract A lemniscate is a curve defined by two foci, F1 and F2. If the distance between the focal points of F1F2 is 2a (a: constant), then any point P on the lemniscate curve satisfy the equation PF1 · PF2 = a2. Jacob Bernoulli first described the lemniscate in 1694. The Fagnano discovered the double angle formula of the lemniscate (1718). The Euler extended the Fagnano’s formula to a more general addition theorem (1751). The lemniscate function was subsequently proposed by Gauss around the year 1800. These insights were summarized by Jacobi as the theory of elliptic functions. A… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Topological Design of Microstructures of Materials Containing Multiple Phases of Distinct Poisson’s Ratios

    Kai Long1,*, Xiaoyu Yang1, Nouman Saeed1, Zhuo Chen1, Yi Min Xie2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 293-310, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012734
    Abstract A methodology for achieving the maximum bulk or shear modulus in an elastic composite composed of two isotropic phases with distinct Poisson’s ratios is proposed. A topology optimization algorithm is developed which is capable of nding microstructures with extreme properties very close to theoretical upper bounds. The effective mechanical properties of the designed composite are determined by a numerical homogenization technique. The sensitivities with respect to design variables are derived by simultaneously interpolating Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio using different parameters. The so-called solid isotropic material with penalization method is developed to establish the optimization formulation. Maximum bulk or shear… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of a Water-Inrush Disaster Caused by Coal Seam Subsidence Karst Collapse Column under the Action of Multi-Field Coupling in Taoyuan Coal Mine

    Zhibin Lin1, Boyang Zhang1,2,*, Jiaqi Guo1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 311-330, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.011556
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
    Abstract Minin-induced water inrush from a confined aquifer due to subsided floor karst collapse column (SKCC) is a type of serious disaster in the underground coal extraction. Karst collapse column (KCC) developed in a confined aquifer occurs widely throughout northern China. A water inrush disaster from SKCC occurred in Taoyuan coal mine on February 3, 2013. In order to analyze the effect of the KCC influence zone’s (KCCIZ) width and the entry driving distance of the water inrush through the fractured channels of the SKCC, the stress, seepage, and impact dynamics coupling equations were used to model the seepage rule, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sensitivity of Sample for Simulation-Based Reliability Analysis Methods

    Xiukai Yuan1,2,*, Jian Gu1, Shaolong Liu1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 331-357, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.010482
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Novel Methods for Reliability Evaluation and Optimization of Complex Mechanical Structures)
    Abstract In structural reliability analysis, simulation methods are widely used. The statistical characteristics of failure probability estimate of these methods have been well investigated. In this study, the sensitivities of the failure probability estimate and its statistical characteristics with regard to sample, called ‘contribution indexes’, are proposed to measure the contribution of sample. The contribution indexes in four widely simulation methods, i.e., Monte Carlo simulation (MCS), importance sampling (IS), line sampling (LS) and subset simulation (SS) are derived and analyzed. The proposed contribution indexes of sample can provide valuable information understanding the methods deeply, and enlighten potential improvement of methods. It… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    New Computation of Unified Bounds via a More General Fractional Operator Using Generalized Mittag–Leffler Function in the Kernel

    Saima Rashid1, Zakia Hammouch2, Rehana Ashraf3, Yu-Ming Chu4,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 359-378, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.011782
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling Real World Problems with Mathematics)
    Abstract In the present case, we propose the novel generalized fractional integral operator describing Mittag–Leffler function in their kernel with respect to another function Ф. The proposed technique is to use graceful amalgamations of the Riemann–Liouville (RL) fractional integral operator and several other fractional operators. Meanwhile, several generalizations are considered in order to demonstrate the novel variants involving a family of positive functions n (n ∈ N) for the proposed fractional operator. In order to confirm and demonstrate the proficiency of the characterized strategy, we analyze existing fractional integral operators in terms of classical fractional order. Meanwhile, some special cases are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fish-Eye Image Distortion Correction Based on Adaptive Partition Fitting

    Yibin He1,2, Wenhao Xiong1, Hanxin Chen1,2,*, Yuchen Chen1, Qiaosen Dai1, Panpan Tu1, Gaorui Hu1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 379-396, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.010771
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Security Enhancement of Image Recognition System in IoT based Smart Cities)
    Abstract The acquisition of images with a fish-eye lens can cause serious image distortion because of the short focal length of the lens. As a result, it is difficult to use the obtained image information. To make use of the effective information in the image, these distorted images must first be corrected into the perspective of projection images in accordance with the human eye’s observation abilities. To solve this problem, this study presents an adaptive classification fitting method for fish-eye image correction. The degree of distortion in the image is represented by the difference value of the distances from the distorted… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of FCM Algorithm Combined with Articial Neural Network in TBM Operation Data

    Jingyi Fang1, Xueguan Song2, Nianmin Yao3, Maolin Shi2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 397-417, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012895
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Machine Learning based Methods for Mechanics)
    Abstract Fuzzy clustering theory is widely used in data mining of full-face tunnel boring machine. However, the traditional fuzzy clustering algorithm based on objective function is difficult to effectively cluster functional data. We propose a new Fuzzy clustering algorithm, namely FCM–ANN algorithm. The algorithm replaces the clustering prototype of the FCM algorithm with the predicted value of the articial neural network. This makes the algorithm not only satisfy the clustering based on the traditional similarity criterion, but also can effectively cluster the functional data. In this paper, we rst use the t-test as an evaluation index and apply the FCM–ANN algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Estimating the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Research Community in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Masood Ahmad2, Adil Hussain Seh2, Alka Agrawal2, Rajeev Kumar2,3,*, Raees Ahmad Khan2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 419-436, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.014263
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract Ever since its outbreak in Wuhan, COVID-19 has cloaked the entire world in a pall of despondency and uncertainty. The present study describes the exploratory analysis of all COVID cases in Saudi Arabia. Besides, the study has executed the forecasting model for predicting the possible number of COVID-19 cases in Saudi Arabia till a defined period. Towards this intent, the study analyzed different age groups of patients (child, adult, elderly) who were affected by COVID-19. The analysis was done city-wise and also included the number of recoveries recorded in different cities. Furthermore, the study also discusses the impact of COVID-19… More >

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