Home / Journals / CMES / Vol.125, No.3, 2020
Table of Content
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of Proteins Associated with COVID-19 Based Ligand Designing and Molecular Modeling

    Majid Monajjemi1,*, Rahim Esmkhani2, Fatemeh Mollaamin1, Sara Shahriari3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 907-926, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012846
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract Current understanding about how the virus that causes COVID-19 spreads is largely based on what is known about similar coronaviruses. Some of the Natural products are suitable drugs against SARS-CoV-2 main protease. For recognizing a strong inhibitor, we have accomplished docking studies on the major virus protease with 4 natural product species as anti COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), namely “Vidarabine”, “Cytarabine”, “Gemcitabine” and “Matrine” which have been extracted from Gillan’s leaves plants. These are known as Chuchaq, Trshvash, Cote-Couto and Khlvash in Iran. Among these four studied compounds, Cytarabine appears as a suitable compound with high effectiveness inhibitors to this protease. Finally… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predictive Models for Cumulative Confirmed COVID-19 Cases by Day in Southeast Asia

    Yupaporn Areepong1, Rapin Sunthornwat2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 927-942, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012323
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak has spread as a pandemic since the end of year 2019. This situation has been causing a lot of problems of human beings such as economic problems, health problems. The forecasting of the number of infectious people is required by the authorities of all countries including Southeast Asian countries to make a decision and control the outbreak. This research is to investigate the suitable forecasting model for the number of infectious people in Southeast Asian countries. A comparison of forecasting models between logistic growth curve which is symmetric and Gompertz growth curve which is asymmetric based… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Real-Time Analysis of COVID-19 Pandemic on Most Populated Countries Worldwide

    Meenu Gupta1, Rachna Jain2, Akash Gupta2,*, Kunal Jain2
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 943-965, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012467
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract The spread of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has already taken on pandemic extents, inuencing even more than 200 nations in a couple of months. Although, regulation measures in China have decreased new cases by over 98%, this decrease is not the situation everywhere, and most of the countries still have been affected by it. The objective of this research work is to make a comparative analysis of the top 5 most populated countries namely United States, India, China, Pakistan and Indonesia, from 1st January 2020 to 31st July 2020. This research work also targets to predict… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study of Non-Pharmacological Interventions on COVID-19 Spread

    Avaneesh Singh*, Saroj Kumar Chandra, Manish Kumar Bajpai
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 967-990, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.011601
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract COVID-19 disease has emerged as one of the life threatening threat to the society. A novel beta coronavirus causes it. It began as unidentified pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China emerged in December 2019. No vaccine has been produced till now. Mathematical models are used to study the impact of different measures used to decrease pandemic. Mathematical models have been designed to estimate the numbers of spreaders in different scenarios in the present manuscript. In the present manuscript, three different mathematical models have been proposed with different scenarios, such as screening, quarantine, and NPIs, to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SEIHCRD Model for COVID-19 Spread Scenarios, Disease Predictions and Estimates the Basic Reproduction Number, Case Fatality Rate, Hospital, and ICU Beds Requirement

    Avaneesh Singh*, Manish Kumar Bajpai
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 991-1031, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012503
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract We have proposed a new mathematical method, the SEIHCRD model, which has an excellent potential to predict the incidence of COVID-19 diseases. Our proposed SEIHCRD model is an extension of the SEIR model. Three-compartments have added death, hospitalized, and critical, which improves the basic understanding of disease spread and results. We have studied COVID-19 cases of six countries, where the impact of this disease in the highest are Brazil, India, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. After estimating model parameters based on available clinical data, the model will propagate and forecast dynamic evolution. The model calculates the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modelling the Effect of Self-Immunity and the Impacts of Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Individuals on COVID-19 Outbreak

    M. H. A. Biswas1,*, M. A. Islam1, S. Akter2, S. Mandal2, M. S. Khatun1, S. A. Samad1, A. K. Paul1, M. R. Khatun1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1033-1060, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012792
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract COVID-19 is one of the most highly infectious diseases ever emerged and caused by newly discovered severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It has already led the entire world to health and economic crisis. It has invaded the whole universe all most every way. The present study demonstrates with a nine mutually exclusive compartmental model on transmission dynamics of this pandemic disease (COVID-19), with special focus on the transmissibility of symptomatic and asymptomatic infection from susceptible individuals. Herein, the compartmental model has been investigated with mathematical analysis and computer simulations in order to understand the dynamics of COVID-19 transmission.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance of Geometric Multigrid Method for Two-Dimensional Burgers’ Equations with Non-Orthogonal, Structured Curvilinear Grids

    Daiane Cristina Zanatta1,*, Luciano Kiyoshi Araki2, Marcio Augusto Villela Pinto2, Diego Fernando Moro3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1061-1081, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012634
    Abstract This paper seeks to develop an efficient multigrid algorithm for solving the Burgers problem with the use of non-orthogonal structured curvilinear grids in L-shaped geometry. For this, the differential equations were discretized by Finite Volume Method (FVM) with second-order approximation scheme and deferred correction. Moreover, the algebraic method and the differential method were used to generate the non-orthogonal structured curvilinear grids. Furthermore, the influence of some parameters of geometric multigrid method, as well as lexicographical Gauss–Seidel (Lex-GS), η-line Gauss–Seidel (η-line-GS), Modified Strongly Implicit (MSI) and modified incomplete LU decomposition (MILU) solvers on the Central Processing Unit (CPU) time was investigated.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ALCencryption: A Secure and Efficient Algorithm for Medical Image Encryption

    Jiao Ge1,2,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1083-1100, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013039
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Methods in Bio-mechanics and Biomedical Engineering)
    Abstract With the rapid development of medical informatization and the popularization of digital imaging equipment, DICOM images contain the personal privacy of patients, and there are security risks in the process of storage and transmission, so it needs to be encrypted. In order to solve the security problem of medical images on mobile devices, a safe and efficient medical image encryption algorithm called ALCencryption is designed. The algorithm first analyzes the medical image and distinguishes the color image from the gray image. For gray images, the improved Arnold map is used to scramble them according to the optimal number of iterations,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Anonymous Authentication Scheme with Controllable Linkability for Vehicle Sensor Networks

    Yousheng Zhou1,2, Lvjun Chen1, Xiaofeng Zhao1,*, Zheng Yang3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1101-1118, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.013289
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Models for Security and Resilience in Cyber Physical Systems)
    Abstract Vehicle sensor networks (VSN) play an increasingly important part in smart city, due to the interconnectivity of the infrastructure. However similar to other wireless communications, vehicle sensor networks are susceptible to a broad range of attacks. In addition to ensuring security for both data-at-rest and data-in-transit, it is essential to preserve the privacy of data and users in vehicle sensor networks. Many existing authentication schemes for vehicle sensor networks are generally not designed to also preserve the privacy between the user and service provider (e.g., mining user data to provide personalized services without infringing on user privacy). Controllable linkability can… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Thermal Analysis of MHD Non-Newtonian Nanofluids over a Porous Media

    Asad Ejaz1, Imran Abbas1, Yasir Nawaz1, Muhammad Shoaib Arif1, Wasfi Shatanawi2,3,4,*, Javeria Nawaz Abbasi5
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1119-1134, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.012091
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
    Abstract In the present research, Tiwari and Das model are used for the impact of a magnetic field on non-Newtonian nanofluid flow in the presence of injection and suction. The PDEs are converted into ordinary differential equations (ODEs) using the similarity method. The obtained ordinary differential equations are solved numerically using shooting method along with RK-4. Part of the present study uses nanoparticles (NPs) like TiO2 and Al2O3 and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC/water) is considered as a base fluid (BF). This study is conducted to find the influence of nanoparticles, Prandtl number, and magnetic field on velocity and temperature profile, however,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction of Permeability Using Random Forest and Genetic Algorithm Model

    Junhui Wang1, Wanzi Yan1, Zhijun Wan1,*, Yi Wang2,*, Jiakun Lv1, Aiping Zhou3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1135-1157, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.014313
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
    Abstract Precise recovery of Coalbed Methane (CBM) based on transparent reconstruction of geological conditions is a branch of intelligent mining. The process of permeability reconstruction, ranging from data perception to real-time data visualization, is applicable to disaster risk warning and intelligent decision-making on gas drainage. In this study, a machine learning method integrating the Random Forest (RF) and the Genetic Algorithm (GA) was established for permeability prediction in the Xishan Coalfield based on Uniaxial Compressive Strength (UCS), effective stress, temperature and gas pressure. A total of 50 sets of data collected by a self-developed apparatus were used to generate datasets for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Fast Product of Conditional Reduction Method for System Failure Probability Sensitivity Evaluation

    Jie Yang1,2, Changping Chen1,2,*, Ao Ma1
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1159-1171, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.09640
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Novel Methods for Reliability Evaluation and Optimization of Complex Mechanical Structures)
    Abstract System reliability sensitivity analysis becomes difficult due to involving the issues of the correlation between failure modes whether using analytic method or numerical simulation methods. A fast conditional reduction method based on conditional probability theory is proposed to solve the sensitivity analysis based on the approximate analytic method. The relevant concepts are introduced to characterize the correlation between failure modes by the reliability index and correlation coefficient, and conditional normal fractile the for the multi-dimensional conditional failure analysis is proposed based on the two-dimensional normal distribution function. Thus the calculation of system failure probability can be represented as a summation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigation of an Idealized Total Cavopulmonary Connection Physiology Assisted by the Axial Blood Pump With and Without Diffuser

    Zhenxin Zhao1,#, Tong Chen2,#, Xudong Liu3, Shengzhang Wang2,4,*, Haiyan Lu5,*
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1173-1184, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.013702
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Methods in Bio-mechanics and Biomedical Engineering)
    Abstract In order to improve the surgical treatment of the congenital heart disease patient with single ventricle defect, two axial flow blood pumps, one with diffuser and the other without diffuser, were designed and virtually implanted into an idealized total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) model to form two types of Pump-TCPC physiological structure. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed to analyze the variations of the hemodynamic characteristics, such as flow field, wall shear stress (WSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI), relative residence time (RRT), between the two Pump-TCPC models. Numerical results indicate that the Pump-TCPC with diffuser has better flow field stability,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of Coronavirus Deposition in Realistic Human Nasal Cavity and Impact of Social Distancing to Contain COVID-19: A Computational Fluid Dynamic Approach

    Mohammad Zuber1, John Valerian Corda1, Milad Ahmadi2, B. Satish Shenoy1, Irfan Anjum Badruddin3,*, Ali E. Anqi3, Kamarul Arifin Ahmad4, S. M. Abdul Khader5, Leslie Lewis6, Mohammad Anas Khan7, Sarfaraz Kamangar3
    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.3, pp. 1185-1199, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.015015
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Modelling of Transmission, Spread, Control and Diagnosis of COVID-19)
    Abstract The novel coronavirus responsible for COVID-19 has spread to several countries within a considerably short period. The virus gets deposited in the human nasal cavity and moves to the lungs that might be fatal. As per safety guidelines by the World Health Organization (WHO), social distancing has emerged as one of the major factors to avoid the spread of infection. However, different guidelines are being followed across the countries with regards to what should be the safe distance. Thus, the current work is an attempt to understand the virus deposition pattern in the realistic human nasal cavity and also to… More >

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