Vol.17, No.1, 2020-Table of Contents
  • On the Onset of Cracks in Arteries1
  • Abstract We present a theoretical approach to study the onset of failure localization into cracks in arterial wall. The arterial wall is a soft composite comprising hydrated ground matrix of proteoglycans reinforced by spatially dispersed elastin and collagen fibers. As any material, the arterial tissue cannot accumulate and dissipate strain energy beyond a critical value. This critical value is enforced in the constitutive theory via energy limiters. The limiters automatically bound reachable stresses and allow examining the mathematical condition of strong ellipticity. Loss of the strong ellipticity physically means inability of material to propagate superimposed waves. The waves cannot propagate because… More
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  • Kinematic and Dynamic Characteristics of Pulsating Flow in 180o Tube
  • Abstract Kinematic and dynamic characteristics of pulsating flow in a model of human aortic arch are obtained by a computational analysis. Three-dimensional flow processes are summarized by pressure distributions on the symmetric plane together with velocity and pressure contours on a few cross sections for systolic acceleration and deceleration. Without considering the effects of aortic tapering and the carotid arteries, the development of tubular boundary layer with centrifugal forces and pulsation are also analyzed for flow separation and backflow during systolic deceleration. More
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  • New Concept in Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA)
  • Abstract The world-wide impact of traumatic injury and associated hemorrhage on human health and well-being is significant. Methods to manage bleeding from sites within the torso, referred to as non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH), remain largely limited to the use of conventional operative techniques. The overall mortality rate of patients with NCTH is approximately 50%. Studies from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have suggested that up to 80% of potentially survivable patients die as a result of uncontrolled exsanguinating hemorrhage. The commercially available resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a percutaneous device for the rapid control of torso… More
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  • Multifrequency Microwave Imaging for Brain Stroke Detection
  • Abstract CT and MRI are often used in the diagnosis and monitoring of stroke. However, they are expensive, time-consuming, produce ionizing radiation (CT), and not suitable for continuous monitoring stroke. Microwave imaging (MI) has been extensively investigated for identifying several types of human organs, including breast, brain, lung, liver, and gastric. The authors recently developed a holographic microwave imaging (HMI) algorithm for biological object detection. However, this method has difficulty in providing accurate information on embedded small inclusions. This paper describes the feasibility of the use of a multifrequency HMI algorithm for brain stroke detection. A numerical system, including HMI data… More
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  • A Retrospective Respiratory Gating System Based on Epipolar Consistency Conditions
  • Abstract Motion artifacts of in vivo imaging, due to rapid respiration rate and respiration displacements of the mice while free-breathing, is a major challenge in micro computed tomography(micro-CT). The respiratory gating is often served for either projective images acquisition or per projection qualification, so as to eliminate the artifacts brought by in vivo motion. In this paper, we propose a novel respiratory gating method, which firstly divides one rotation cycle into a number of segments, and extracts the respiratory signal from the projective image series of current segment by the value of the epipolar consistency conditions (ECC), then in terms of… More
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  • A Study on the Finite Element Model for Head Injury in Facial Collision Accident
  • Abstract In order to predict and evaluate injury mechanism and biomechanical response of the facial impact on head injury in a crash accident. With the combined modern medical imaging technologies, namely computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both geometric and finite element (FE) models for human head-neck with detailed cranio-facial structure were developed. The cadaveric head impact tests were conducted to validate the headneck finite element model. The intracranial pressure, skull dynamic response and skull-brain relative displacement of the whole head-neck model were compared with experimental data. Nine typical cases of facial traffic accidents were simulated, with the individual… More
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