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CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences

About the Journal

This journal publishes original research papers of reasonable permanent value, in the areas of computational mechanics, computational physics, computational chemistry, and computational biology, pertinent to solids, fluids, gases, biomaterials, and other continua. Various length scales (quantum, nano, micro, meso, and macro), and various time scales (picoseconds to hours) are of interest. Papers which deal with multi-physics problems, as well as those which deal with the interfaces of mechanics, chemistry, and biology, are particularly encouraged. New computational approaches, and more efficient algorithms, which eventually make near-real-time computations possible, are welcome. Original papers dealing with new methods such as meshless methods, and mesh-reduction methods are sought.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index (Web of Science): 2019 Impact Factor 0.805; Current Contents: Engineering, Computing & Technology; Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2019): 1.0; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2019): 0.499; RG Journal Impact (average over last three years); Engineering Index (Compendex); Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; CompuMath Citation Index; INSPEC Databases; Mathematical Reviews; MathSci Net; Mechanics; Science Alert; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • Nonlinear Problems via a Convergence Accelerated Decomposition Method of Adomian
  • Abstract The present paper is devoted to the convergence control and accelerating the traditional Decomposition Method of Adomian (ADM). By means of perturbing the initial or early terms of the Adomian iterates by adding a parameterized term, containing an embedded parameter, new modified ADM is constructed. The optimal value of this parameter is later determined via squared residual minimizing the error. The failure of the classical ADM is also prevented by a suitable value of the embedded parameter, particularly beneficial for the Duan–Rach modification of the ADM incorporating all the boundaries into the formulation. With the presented squared residual error analysis,… More
  •   Views:396       Downloads:244        Download PDF
  • Exact Run Length Evaluation on a Two-Sided Modified Exponentially Weighted Moving Average Chart for Monitoring Process Mean
  • Abstract A modified exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) scheme is one of the quality control charts such that this control chart can quickly detect a small shift. The average run length (ARL) is frequently used for the performance evaluation on control charts. This paper proposes the explicit formula for evaluating the average run length on a two-sided modified exponentially weighted moving average chart under the observations of a first-order autoregressive process, referred to as AR(1) process, with an exponential white noise. The performance comparison of the explicit formula and the numerical integral technique is carried out using the absolute relative change… More
  •   Views:108       Downloads:86        Download PDF
  • An Effective Feature Modeling Approach for 3D Structural Topology Design Optimization
  • Abstract This paper presents a feature modeling approach to address the 3D structural topology design optimization with feature constraints. In the proposed algorithm, various features are formed into searchable shape features by the feature modeling technology, and the models of feature elements are established. The feature elements that meet the design requirements are found by employing a feature matching technology, and the constraint factors combined with the pseudo density of elements are initialized according to the optimized feature elements. Then, through controlling the constraint factors and utilizing the optimization criterion method along with the filtering technology of independent mesh, the structural… More
  •   Views:114       Downloads:88        Download PDF
  • Three-Dimensional Modeling of the Retinal Vascular Tree via Fractal Interpolation
  • Abstract In recent years, the three dimensional reconstruction of vascular structures in the field of medical research has been extensively developed. Several studies describe the various numerical methods to numerical modeling of vascular structures in near-reality. However, the current approaches remain too expensive in terms of storage capacity. Therefore, it is necessary to find the right balance between the relevance of information and storage space. This article adopts two sets of human retinal blood vessel data in 3D to proceed with data reduction in the first part and then via 3D fractal reconstruction, recreate them in a second part. The results… More
  •   Views:104       Downloads:68        Download PDF
  • Experimental and Numerical Study on the Shear Strength and Strain Energy of Rock Under Constant Shear Stress and Unloading Normal Stress
  • Abstract Excavation and earth surface processes (e.g., river incision) always induce the unloading of stress, which can cause the failure of rocks. To study the shear mechanical behavior of a rock sample under unloading normal stress conditions, a new stress path for direct shear tests was proposed to model the unloading of stress caused by excavation and other processes. The effects of the initial stresses (i.e., the normal stress and shear stress before unloading) on the shear behavior and energy conversion were investigated using laboratory tests and numerical simulations. The shear strength of a rock under constant stress or under unloading… More
  •   Views:271       Downloads:123        Download PDF
  • Eliciting Requirements from Stakeholders’ Responses Using Natural Language Processing
  • Abstract Most software systems have different stakeholders with a variety of concerns. The process of collecting requirements from a large number of stakeholders is vital but challenging. We propose an efficient, automatic approach to collecting requirements from different stakeholders’ responses to a specific question. We use natural language processing techniques to get the stakeholder response that represents most other stakeholders’ responses. This study improves existing practices in three ways: Firstly, it reduces the human effort needed to collect the requirements; secondly, it reduces the time required to carry out this task with a large number of stakeholders; thirdly, it underlines the… More
  •   Views:233       Downloads:98        Download PDF
  • A Three-Stage Cutting Simulation System Based on Mass-Spring Model
  • Abstract The cutting simulation of soft tissue is important in virtual surgery. It includes three major challenges in computation: Soft tissue simulation, collision detection, and handling, as well as soft tissue models. In order to address the earlier challenges, we propose a virtual cutting system based on the mass-spring model. In this system, MSM is utilized to simulate the soft tissue model. Residual stress is introduced to the model for simulating the shrinking effect of soft tissue in cutting. Second, a cylinder-based collision detection method is used to supervise the collision between surgical tools and soft tissue. Third, we simulate the… More
  •   Views:240       Downloads:115        Download PDF
  • A Numerical Investigation of the Stress Relief Zones Around a Longwall Face in the Lower Seam for Gas Drainage Considerations
  • Abstract Extraction of a protective coal seam (PVCS)-below or above a coal seam to be mined with the potential of coal and gas outburst risk-plays an important role not only in decreasing the stress field in the surrounding rock mass but also in increasing the gas desorption capacity and gas flow permeability in the protected coal seam (PTCS). The PVCS is mined to guarantee the safe mining of the PTCS. This study has numerically evaluated the stress redistribution effects using FLAC3D model for a longwall face in Shanxi Province. The effects of mining depth, mining height and inter-burden rock mass properties… More
  •   Views:213       Downloads:122        Download PDF
  • Bioprosthetic Valve Size Selection to Optimize Aortic Valve Replacement Surgical Outcome: A Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling Study
  • Abstract Aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains a major treatment option for patients with severe aortic valve disease. Clinical outcome of AVR is strongly dependent on implanted prosthetic valve size. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) aortic root models were constructed to investigate the effect of valve size on hemodynamics of the implanted bioprosthetic valve and optimize the outcome of AVR surgery. FSI models with 4 sizes of bioprosthetic valves (19 (No. 19), 21 (No. 21), 23 (No. 23) and 25 mm (No. 25)) were constructed. Left ventricle outflow track flow data from one patient was collected and used as model flow conditions. Anisotropic Mooney–Rivlin… More
  •   Views:381       Downloads:181        Download PDF
  • Stereo Matching Method Based on Space-Aware Network Model
  • Abstract The stereo matching method based on a space-aware network is proposed, which divides the network into three sections: Basic layer, scale layer, and decision layer. This division is beneficial to integrate residue network and dense network into the space-aware network model. The vertical splitting method for computing matching cost by using the space-aware network is proposed for solving the limitation of GPU RAM. Moreover, a hybrid loss is brought forward to boost the performance of the proposed deep network. In the proposed stereo matching method, the space-aware network is used to calculate the matching cost and then cross-based cost aggregation… More
  •   Views:107       Downloads:75        Download PDF
  • In-Plane Impact Dynamics Analysis of Re-Entrant Honeycomb with Variable Cross-Section
  • Abstract Due to the unique deformation characteristics of auxetic materials (Poisson’s ratio ), they have better shock resistance and energy absorption properties than traditional materials. Inspired by the concept of variable cross-section design, a new auxetic re-entrant honeycomb structure is designed in this study. The detailed design method of re-entrant honeycomb with variable cross-section (VCRH) is provided, and five VCRH structures with the same relative density and different cross-section change rates are proposed. The in-plane impact resistance and energy absorption abilities of VCRH under constant velocity are investigated by ABAQUS/EXPLICIT. The results show that the introduction of variable cross-section design can… More
  •   Views:102       Downloads:73        Download PDF
  • Numerical Analysis of Three-Layer Deep Tunnel Composite Structure
  • Abstract To date, with the increasing attention of countries to urban drainage system, more and more regions around the world have begun to build water conveyance tunnels, sewage pressure deep tunnels and so on. However, the sufficient bearing capacity and corrosion resistance of the structure, which can ensure the actual service life and safety of the tunnel, remain to be further improved. Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GFRP) pipe, with light weight, high strength and corrosion resistance, has the potential to be applied to the deep tunnel structure. This paper proposed a new composite structure of deep tunnel lined with GFRP pipe,… More
  •   Views:100       Downloads:100        Download PDF
  • Peridynamic Modeling and Simulation of Fracture Process in Fiber-Reinforced Concrete
  • Abstract In this study, a peridynamic fiber-reinforced concrete model is developed based on the bond-based peridynamic model with rotation effect (BBPDR). The fibers are modelled by a semi-discrete method and distributed with random locations and angles in the concrete specimen, since the fiber content is low, and its scale is smaller than the concrete matrix. The interactions between fibers and concrete matrix are investigated by the improvement of the bond’s strength and stiffness. Also, the frictional effect between the fibers and the concrete matrix is considered, which is divided into static friction and slip friction. To validate the proposed model, several… More
  •   Views:106       Downloads:98        Download PDF
  • Behavior of High Strength Concrete Filled Square Steel Tube Stub Columns with Inner CFRP Tube Under Biaxial Eccentric Compression
  • Abstract This paper studies the contribution of CFRP (carbon fiber-reinforced polymer) to the mechanical behavior of high strength concrete-filled square steel tube (HCFST) under biaxial eccentric compression. The new type of composite member is composed of an inner CFRP tube and an outer steel tube with concrete filled in the two tubes. The finite element analysis was made by ABAQUS on the behavior of high strength concrete filled square steel tubular columns with inner CFRP circular tube subjected to bi-axial eccentric loading. The results obtained from the finite element analysis were verified with the experimental results. In addition, the load-deflection curves… More
  •   Views:75       Downloads:60        Download PDF
  • Dynamic Pricing Model of E-Commerce Platforms Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning
  • Abstract With the continuous development of artificial intelligence technology, its application field has gradually expanded. To further apply the deep reinforcement learning technology to the field of dynamic pricing, we build an intelligent dynamic pricing system, introduce the reinforcement learning technology related to dynamic pricing, and introduce existing research on the number of suppliers (single supplier and multiple suppliers), environmental models, and selection algorithms. A two-period dynamic pricing game model is designed to assess the optimal pricing strategy for e-commerce platforms under two market conditions and two consumer participation conditions. The first step is to analyze the pricing strategies of e-commerce… More
  •   Views:96       Downloads:59        Download PDF
  • Alcoholism Detection by Wavelet Energy Entropy and Linear Regression Classifier
  • Abstract Alcoholism is an unhealthy lifestyle associated with alcohol dependence. Not only does drinking for a long time leads to poor mental health and loss of self-control, but alcohol seeps into the bloodstream and shortens the lifespan of the body’s internal organs. Alcoholics often think of alcohol as an everyday drink and see it as a way to reduce stress in their lives because they cannot see the damage in their bodies and they believe it does not affect their physical health. As their drinking increases, they become dependent on alcohol and it affects their daily lives. Therefore, it is important… More
  •   Views:87       Downloads:66        Download PDF
  • Maximum Probabilistic and Dynamic Traffic Load Effects on Short-to-Medium Span Bridges
  • Abstract The steadily growing traffic load has resulted in lots of bridge collapse events over the past decades, especially for short-to-medium span bridges. This study investigated probabilistic and dynamic traffic load effects on short-to-medium span bridges using practical heavy traffic data in China. Mathematical formulations for traffic-bridge coupled vibration and probabilistic extrapolation were derived. A framework for extrapolating probabilistic and dynamic traffic load effect was presented to conduct an efficient and accurate extrapolation. An equivalent dynamic wheel load model was demonstrated to be feasible for short-to-medium span bridges. Numerical studies of two types of simply-supported bridges were conducted based on site-specific… More
  •   Views:80       Downloads:67        Download PDF
  • Redefined Extended Cubic B-Spline Functions for Numerical Solution of Time-Fractional Telegraph Equation
  • Abstract This work is concerned with the application of a redefined set of extended uniform cubic B-spline (RECBS) functions for the numerical treatment of time-fractional Telegraph equation. The presented technique engages finite difference formulation for discretizing the Caputo time-fractional derivatives and RECBS functions to interpolate the solution curve along the spatial grid. Stability analysis of the scheme is provided to ensure that the errors do not amplify during the execution of the numerical procedure. The derivation of uniform convergence has also been presented. Some computational experiments are executed to verify the theoretical considerations. Numerical results are compared with the existing schemes… More
  •   Views:83       Downloads:58        Download PDF