CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences

About the Journal

This journal publishes original research papers of reasonable permanent value, in the areas of computational mechanics, computational physics, computational chemistry, and computational biology, pertinent to solids, fluids, gases, biomaterials, and other continua. Various length scales (quantum, nano, micro, meso, and macro), and various time scales (picoseconds to hours) are of interest. Papers which deal with multi-physics problems, as well as those which deal with the interfaces of mechanics, chemistry, and biology, are particularly encouraged. New computational approaches, and more efficient algorithms, which eventually make near-real-time computations possible, are welcome. Original papers dealing with new methods such as meshless methods, and mesh-reduction methods are sought.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index (Web of Science): 2021 Impact Factor 2.027; Current Contents: Engineering, Computing & Technology; Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2021): 2.5; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2021): 0.617; RG Journal Impact (average over last three years); Engineering Index (Compendex); Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; CompuMath Citation Index; INSPEC Databases; Mathematical Reviews; MathSci Net; Mechanics; Science Alert; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • A Comparison of Shale Gas Fracturing Based on Deep and Shallow Shale Reservoirs in the United States and China
  • Abstract China began to build its national shale gas demonstration area in 2012. The central exploration, drilling, and development technologies for medium and shallow marine shale reservoirs with less than 3,500 m of buried depth in Changning-Weiyuan, Zhaotong, and other regions had matured. In this study, we macroscopically investigated the development history of shale gas in the United States and China and compared the physical and mechanical conditions of deep and shallow reservoirs. The comparative results revealed that the main reasons for the order-ofmagnitude difference between China’s annual shale gas output and the United States could be attributed to three aspects:… More
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  • 6G-Enabled Internet of Things: Vision, Techniques, and Open Issues
  • Abstract There are changes in the development of wireless technology systems every decade. 6G (sixth generation) wireless networks improve on previous generations by increasing dependability, accelerating networks, increasing available bandwidth, decreasing latency, and increasing data transmission speed to standardize communication signals. The purpose of this article is to comprehend the current directions in 6G studies and their relationship to the Internet of Things (IoT). Also, this paper discusses the impacts of 6G on IoT, critical requirements and trends for 6G-enabled IoT, new service classes of 6G and IoT technologies, and current 6G-enabled IoT studies selected by the systematic literature review (SLR)… More
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  • Prediction of Photosynthetic Carbon Assimilation Rate of Individual Rice Leaves under Changes in Light Environment Using BLSTM-Augmented LSTM
  • Abstract A model to predict photosynthetic carbon assimilation rate (A) with high accuracy is important for forecasting crop yield and productivity. Long short-term memory (LSTM), a neural network suitable for time-series data, enables prediction with high accuracy but requires mesophyll variables. In addition, for practical use, it is desirable to have a technique that can predict A from easily available information. In this study, we propose a BLSTMaugmented LSTM (BALSTM) model, which utilizes bi-directional LSTM (BLSTM) to indirectly reproduce the mesophyll variables required for LSTM. The most significant feature of the proposed model is that its hybrid architecture uses only three… More
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  • Systematic Approach for Web Protection Runtime Tools’ Effectiveness Analysis
  • Abstract Web applications represent one of the principal vehicles by which attackers gain access to an organization’s network or resources. Thus, different approaches to protect web applications have been proposed to date. Of them, the two major approaches areWeb Application Firewalls (WAF) and Runtime Application Self Protection (RASP). It is, thus, essential to understand the differences and relative effectiveness of both these approaches for effective decisionmaking regarding the security of web applications. Here we present a comparative study between WAF and RASP simulated settings, with the aim to compare their effectiveness and efficiency against different categories of attacks. For this, we… More
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  • Structural Optimization of Metal and Polymer Ore Conveyor Belt Rollers
  • Abstract Ore conveyor belt rollers operate in harsh environments, making them prone to premature failure. Their service lives are highly dependent on the stress field and bearing misalignment angle, for which limit values are defined in a standard. In this work, an optimization methodology using metamodels based on radial basis functions is implemented to reduce the mass of two models of rollers. From a structural point of view, one of the rollers is made completely of metal, while the other also has some components made of polymeric material. The objective of this study is to develop and apply a parametric structural… More
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  • Continuous Symmetry Analysis of the Effects of City Infrastructures on Invariant Metrics for House Market Volatilities
  • Abstract The invariant metrics of the effects of park size and distance to public transportation on housing value volatilities in Boston, Milwaukee, Taipei and Tokyo are investigated. They reveal a Cobb-Douglas-like behavior. The scale-invariant exponents corresponding to the percentage of a green area (a) are 7.4, 8.41, 14.1 and 15.5 for Boston, Milwaukee, Taipei and Tokyo, respectively, while the corresponding direct distances to the nearest metro station (d) are −5, −5.88, −10 and −10, for Boston, Milwaukee, Taipei and Tokyo, respectively. The multiphysics-based analysis provides a powerful approach for the symmetry characterization of market engineering. The scaling exponent ratio between park… More
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  • Prerequisite Relations among Knowledge Units: A Case Study of Computer Science Domain
  • Abstract The importance of prerequisites for education has recently become a promising research direction. This work proposes a statistical model for measuring dependencies in learning resources between knowledge units. Instructors are expected to present knowledge units in a semantically well-organized manner to facilitate students’ understanding of the material. The proposed model reveals how inner concepts of a knowledge unit are dependent on each other and on concepts not in the knowledge unit. To help understand the complexity of the inner concepts themselves, WordNet is included as an external knowledge base in this model. The goal is to develop a model that… More
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  • Regarding Deeper Properties of the Fractional Order Kundu-Eckhaus Equation and Massive Thirring Model
  • Abstract In this paper, the fractional natural decomposition method (FNDM) is employed to find the solution for the KunduEckhaus equation and coupled fractional differential equations describing the massive Thirring model. The massive Thirring model consists of a system of two nonlinear complex differential equations, and it plays a dynamic role in quantum field theory. The fractional derivative is considered in the Caputo sense, and the projected algorithm is a graceful mixture of Adomian decomposition scheme with natural transform technique. In order to illustrate and validate the efficiency of the future technique, we analyzed projected phenomena in terms of fractional order. Moreover,… More
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  • Rock Strength Estimation Using Several Tree-Based ML Techniques
  • Abstract The uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of rock is an essential property of rock material in different relevant applications, such as rock slope, tunnel construction, and foundation. It takes enormous time and effort to obtain the UCS values directly in the laboratory. Accordingly, an indirect determination of UCS through conducting several rock index tests that are easy and fast to carry out is of interest and importance. This study presents powerful boosting trees evaluation framework, i.e., adaptive boosting machine, extreme gradient boosting machine (XGBoost), and category gradient boosting machine, for estimating the UCS of sandstone. Schmidt hammer rebound number, P-wave velocity,… More
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  • Explainable Artificial Intelligence–A New Step towards the Trust in Medical Diagnosis with AI Frameworks: A Review
  • Abstract Machine learning (ML) has emerged as a critical enabling tool in the sciences and industry in recent years. Today’s machine learning algorithms can achieve outstanding performance on an expanding variety of complex tasks–thanks to advancements in technique, the availability of enormous databases, and improved computing power. Deep learning models are at the forefront of this advancement. However, because of their nested nonlinear structure, these strong models are termed as “black boxes,” as they provide no information about how they arrive at their conclusions. Such a lack of transparencies may be unacceptable in many applications, such as the medical domain. A… More
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  • A New Childhood Pneumonia Diagnosis Method Based on Fine-Grained Convolutional Neural Network
  • Abstract Pneumonia is part of the main diseases causing the death of children. It is generally diagnosed through chest X-ray images. With the development of Deep Learning (DL), the diagnosis of pneumonia based on DL has received extensive attention. However, due to the small difference between pneumonia and normal images, the performance of DL methods could be improved. This research proposes a new fine-grained Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for children’s pneumonia diagnosis (FG-CPD). Firstly, the fine-grained CNN classification which can handle the slight difference in images is investigated. To obtain the raw images from the real-world chest X-ray data, the YOLOv4… More
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