CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences

About the Journal

This journal publishes original research papers of reasonable permanent value, in the areas of computational mechanics, computational physics, computational chemistry, and computational biology, pertinent to solids, fluids, gases, biomaterials, and other continua. Various length scales (quantum, nano, micro, meso, and macro), and various time scales (picoseconds to hours) are of interest. Papers which deal with multi-physics problems, as well as those which deal with the interfaces of mechanics, chemistry, and biology, are particularly encouraged. New computational approaches, and more efficient algorithms, which eventually make near-real-time computations possible, are welcome. Original papers dealing with new methods such as meshless methods, and mesh-reduction methods are sought.

Indexing and Abstracting

Science Citation Index (Web of Science): 2018 Impact Factor 0.796; Current Contents: Engineering, Computing & Technology; Scopus Citescore (Impact per Publication 2018): 1.02; SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper 2018): 0.498; RG Journal Impact (average over last three years); Engineering Index (Compendex); Applied Mechanics Reviews; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts: Aerospace and High Technology, Materials Sciences & Engineering, and Computer & Information Systems Abstracts Database; CompuMath Citation Index; INSPEC Databases; Mathematical Reviews; MathSci Net; Mechanics; Science Alert; Science Navigator; Zentralblatt fur Mathematik; Portico, etc...

  • A Galerkin-Type Fractional Approach for Solutions of Bagley-Torvik Equations
  • Abstract In this study, we present a numerical scheme similar to the Galerkin method in order to obtain numerical solutions of the Bagley Torvik equation of fractional order 3/2. In this approach, the approximate solution is assumed to have the form of a polynomial in the variable t = xα , where α is a positive real parameter of our choice. The problem is firstly expressed in vectoral form via substituting the matrix counterparts of the terms present in the equation. After taking inner product of this vector with nonnegative integer powers of t up to a selected positive parameter N,… More
  •   Views:94       Downloads:72        Download PDF
  • RBF Based Localized Method for Solving Nonlinear Partial Integro-Differential Equations
  • Abstract In this work, a numerical scheme is constructed for solving nonlinear parabolictype partial-integro differential equations. The proposed numerical scheme is based on radial basis functions which are local in nature like finite difference numerical schemes. The radial basis functions are used to approximate the derivatives involved and the integral is approximated by equal width integration rule. The resultant differentiation matrices are sparse in nature. After spatial approximation using RBF the partial integro-differential equations reduce to the system of ODEs. Then ODEs system can be solved by various types of ODE solvers. The proposed numerical scheme is tested and compared with… More
  •   Views:89       Downloads:68        Download PDF
  • Bell Polynomial Approach for the Solutions of Fredholm IntegroDifferential Equations with Variable Coefficients
  • Abstract In this article, we approximate the solution of high order linear Fredholm integro-differential equations with a variable coefficient under the initial-boundary conditions by Bell polynomials. Using collocation points and treating the solution as a linear combination of Bell polynomials, the problem is reduced to linear system of equations whose unknown variables are Bell coefficients. The solution to this algebraic system determines the approximate solution. Error estimation of approximate solution is done. Some examples are provided to illustrate the performance of the method. The numerical results are compared with the collocation method based on Legendre polynomials and the other two methods… More
  •   Views:89       Downloads:64        Download PDF
  • The Influence of Entanglements of Net Chains on Phase Transition Temperature of Sensitive Hydrogels in Chemo-Mechanical Coupled Fields
  • Abstract Phase transition of hydrogel, which is polymerized by polymer network, can be regarded as the transition of polymer network stability. The stability of the polymer network might be changed when the external environment changed. This change will lead to the transformation of sensitive hydrogels stability, thus phase transition of hydrogel take place. Here, we present a new free density energy function, which considers the non-gaussianity of the polymer network, chains entanglement and functionality of junctions through adding Gent hyplastic model and Edwards-Vilgis slip-link model to Flory-Huggins theory. A program to calculate the phase transition temperature was written based on new… More
  •   Views:156       Downloads:95        Download PDF
  • FP-STE: A Novel Node Failure Prediction Method Based on Spatio-Temporal Feature Extraction in Data Centers
  • Abstract The development of cloud computing and virtualization technology has brought great challenges to the reliability of data center services. Data centers typically contain a large number of compute and storage nodes which may fail and affect the quality of service. Failure prediction is an important means of ensuring service availability. Predicting node failure in cloud-based data centers is challenging because the failure symptoms reflected have complex characteristics, and the distribution imbalance between the failure sample and the normal sample is widespread, resulting in inaccurate failure prediction. Targeting these challenges, this paper proposes a novel failure prediction method FP-STE (Failure Prediction… More
  •   Views:94       Downloads:66        Download PDF
  • T-Splines Based Isogeometric Topology Optimization with Arbitrarily Shaped Design Domains
  • Abstract In this paper, a new isogeometric topology optimization (ITO) method is proposed by using T-splines based isogeometric analysis (IGA). The arbitrarily shaped design domains, directly obtained from CAD, are represented by a single T-spline surface which overcomes the topological limitations of Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS). The coefficients correlated with control points are directly used as design variables. Therefore, the T-spline basis functions applied for geometry description and calculation of structural response are simultaneously introduced to represent the density distribution. Several numerical examples show that the proposed approach leads to a coherent workflow to handle design problems of complicated structures. The… More
  •   Views:113       Downloads:65        Download PDF
  • Novel Micromixer with Complex 3D-Shape Inner Units: Design, Simulation and Additive Manufacturing
  • Abstract In this paper, a novel micromixer with complex 3D-shape inner units was put forward and fabricated by metal Additive Manufacturing (AM). The design of the micromixer combined the constraints of selective laser melting technology and the factors to improve mixing efficiency. Villermaux-Dushman reaction system and Compute Fluid Design (CFD) simulation were conducted to investigate the performance and the mechanism of this novel micromixer to improve mixing efficiency. The research found that the best mixing efficiency of this novel micromixer could be gained when the inner units divided fluid into five pieces with a uniform volume. Compared with a conventional micromixer… More
  •   Views:84       Downloads:68        Download PDF
  • Comparative Investigation of Two Random Medium Models for Concrete Mesostructure
  • Abstract Concrete is intrinsically endowed with randomness on meso-scale due to the random distribution of aggregates, mortar, etc. In this paper, two random medium models of concrete mesostructure are developed and comparative studies are provided based on random field representation approach. In the first place, concrete is considered as a kind of one-phase random field, where stochastic harmonic function is adopted as the approach to simulate the random field. Secondly, in order to represent the stochastic distribution of the multi-phase of concrete such as aggregates and mortar, two-phase random field based on the Nataf transformation and the Hermite polynomials are introduced.… More
  •   Views:84       Downloads:63        Download PDF
  • Safety Performance of a Precast Concrete Barrier: Numerical Study
  • Abstract The numerical simulation for a new type of precast concrete barrier for viaducts is carried out systematically. To obtain an accurate representation of the damage state of the concrete barrier under the impact of a vehicle, a stochastic damage-plasticity model of the concrete is adopted in the finite element model. Meanwhile, a simplified mathematical model of the impact between vehicles and the concrete barrier was established and the input energy was converted to the impact load to facilitate the investigation of the safety performance of the concrete barriers. On this basis, a refined finite element (FE) model of a precast… More
  •   Views:139       Downloads:65        Download PDF
  • Discrete Circular Distributions with Applications to Shared Orthologs of Paired Circular Genomes
  • Abstract For structural comparisons of paired prokaryotic genomes, an important topic in synthetic and evolutionary biology, the locations of shared orthologous genes (henceforth orthologs) are observed as binned data. This and other data, e.g., wind directions recorded at monitoring sites and intensive care unit arrival times on the 24-hour clock, are counted in binned circular arcs, thus modeling them by discrete circular distributions (DCDs) is required. We propose a novel method to construct a DCD from a base continuous circular distribution (CCD). The probability mass function is defined to take the normalized values of the probability density function at some pre-fixed… More
  •   Views:80       Downloads:62        Download PDF
  • A New Method of Roughness Construction and Analysis of Construct Parameters
  • Abstract In micro-manufacturing, roughness is unavoidable due to the tolerance of micro-machining methods. Roughness in microchannel could have a significant influence on flow and heat transfer since the size of microchannel is very small. In our work, roughness is modeled as a superposition of waves. A simple Fourier series method is proposed to construct the rough surface. With this method, roughness is constructed on the bottom of the rectangular microchannel which has a hydraulic diameter of 0.5 mm. Two important parameters during roughness construction, triangulate size and correlation length are studied under the same relative roughness 1%. Results show that flow… More
  •   Views:106       Downloads:94        Download PDF
  • Modeling Tracer Flow Characteristics in Different Types of Pores: Visualization and Mathematical Modeling
  • Abstract Structure of porous media and fluid distribution in rocks can significantly affect the transport characteristics during the process of microscale tracer flow. To clarify the effect of micro heterogeneity on aqueous tracer transport, this paper demonstrates microscopic experiments at pore level and proposes an improved mathematical model for tracer transport. The visualization results show a faster tracer movement into movable water than it into bound water, and quicker occupancy in flowing pores than in storage pores caused by the difference of tracer velocity. Moreover, the proposed mathematical model includes the effects of bound water and flowing porosity by applying interstitial… More
  •   Views:121       Downloads:104        Download PDF
  • Numerical Study on the Gas Leakage and Dispersion at the Street Intersection of a Building Group
  • Abstract Accidents involving natural gas leakage and dispersion pose a significant threat to human life and property. This threat is especially relevant at the street intersection at which dense buildings, heavy traffic flow, and complex underground pipe networks meet. Scholars have conducted numerous studies on gas leakage and dispersion, but investigations of natural gas leakage and dispersion at the street intersection of a building group are not in-depth. In this paper, we presented a three-dimensional (3D) physical model based on the Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) methodology to study the natural gas leakage and dispersion at the street intersection of a building… More
  •   Views:138       Downloads:113        Download PDF
  • Intelligent Detection Model Based on a Fully Convolutional Neural Network for Pavement Cracks
  • Abstract The crack is a common pavement failure problem. A lack of periodic maintenance will result in extending the cracks and damage the pavement, which will affect the normal use of the road. Therefore, it is significant to establish an efficient intelligent identification model for pavement cracks. The neural network is a method of simulating animal nervous systems using gradient descent to predict results by learning a weight matrix. It has been widely used in geotechnical engineering, computer vision, medicine, and other fields. However, there are three major problems in the application of neural networks to crack identification. There are too… More
  •   Views:175       Downloads:153        Download PDF