PHYTONOpen Access

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany

ISSN:0031-9457(print)
ISSN:1851-5657(online)
Publication Frequency:Monthly

  • Online
    Articles

    2171

  • on board
    editors

    137

Special lssues


About the Journal

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany is an international journal that publishes research on all aspects of plant science. This journal welcomes original and exciting submissions that provide new and key insights into the origins, growth and development of plants from the molecular to the whole organism and its interactions with the biotic and abiotic environments.

Indexing and Abstracting

Thomson Scientific; Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE); Journal Citation Report/Science Edition (JCR); Impact Factor (2022): 1.7; 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.4; Biological Abstracts; BIOSIS Previews; Scopus; EMBiology; Latindex; Field Crop Abstracts; CAB Abstracts; CABI Full Text; Periódica; TEEAL, The Essential Electronic Agricultural Library; Núcleo Básico de Revistas Científicas Argentinas (Agosto 2013–Julio 2015); SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online); Portal de Revistas en Biodiversidad; Portico, etc...

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Plant Chemical Defenses against Insect Herbivores—Using the Wild Tobacco as a Model

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 641-659, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049285
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Plant Secondary Metabolism and Functional Biology)
    Abstract The Nicotiana genus, commonly known as tobacco, holds significant importance as a crucial economic crop. Confronted with an abundance of herbivorous insects that pose a substantial threat to yield, tobacco has developed a diverse and sophisticated array of mechanisms, establishing itself as a model of plant ecological defense. This review provides a concise overview of the current understanding of tobacco’s defense strategies against herbivores. Direct defenses, exemplified by its well-known tactic of secreting the alkaloid nicotine, serve as a potent toxin against a broad spectrum of herbivorous pests. Moreover, in response to herbivore attacks, tobacco enhances… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Research Progress on the Growth-Promoting Effect of Plant Biostimulants on Crops

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 661-679, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049733
    Abstract A Plant Biostimulant is any substance or microorganism applied to plants to enhance nutrition efficiency, abiotic stress tolerance, and/or crop quality traits, regardless of its nutrient content. The application of Plant biostimulants (PBs) in production can reduce the application of traditional pesticides and chemical fertilizers and improve the quality and yield of crops, which is conducive to the sustainable development of agriculture. An in-depth understanding of the mechanism and effect of various PBs is very important for how to apply PBs reasonably and effectively in the practice of crop production. This paper summarizes the main More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stigma-Specific Comparative Proteomic Analysis Reveals the Distyly Response to Self-Incompatibility in Plumbago auriculata Lam

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 681-697, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049166
    Abstract In plants, heteromorphic self-incompatibility (HetSI) is a strategy for avoiding self-pollination and promoting outcrossing, and during this process, numerous protein-protein interaction events occur between the pistil and pollen. Previous studies in Primula and Fagopyrum that focused on HetSI systems have provided interesting insights; however, the molecular mechanism underlying HetSI remains largely unknown. In this study, we profiled the proteome of Plumbago auriculata stigmas before and after self-incompatible (SI) and self-compatible (SC) pollination. Comparative analyses were conducted by 4D-DIA (Four-dimensional data independent acquisition), a promising technology that increases the sensitivity and reduces the spectral complexity of proteomic analysis… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation of Tartary Buckwheat Seed Coating Agent and Its Effect on Germination

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 699-712, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048469
    Abstract To mitigate the wastage of seed resources and reduce the usage of pesticides and fertilizers, seed coating agents have gained popularity. This study employs single-factor and multi-index orthogonal experimental design methods to investigate the seed coating formula and physical properties of Tartary buckwheat. The specific effects of each component on Tartary buckwheat seed germination are analyzed. The findings reveal that the seed coating agent formulated with 1.5% polyvinyl alcohol, 0.15% sodium alginate, 0.2% op-10, 0.1% polyacrylamide, 8% colorant, 3% ammonium sulfate, 1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, and 0.15% carbendazim exhibits the most effective coating. It demonstrates… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transcriptome Analysis of Inflorescence Development at the Five-Leaf Stage in Castor (Ricinus communis L.)

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 713-723, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047657
    Abstract The yield of castor is influenced by the type of inflorescence and the proportion of female flowers. However, there are few studies on the genetic mechanism involved in the development and differentiation of castor inflorescences. In this study, we performed transcriptomic analyses of three different phenotypes of inflorescences at the five-leaf stage. In comparison to the MI (complete pistil without willow leaves), 290 and 89 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found in the SFI (complete pistil with willow leaves) and the BI (monoecious inflorescence), respectively. Among the DEGs, 104 and 88 were upregulated in the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Profiles of the Headspace Volatile Organic and Essential Oil Compounds from the Tunisian Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. and Its Leaf and Stem Epidermal Micromorphology

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 725-744, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048110
    Abstract In this work, we investigated aroma volatiles emanated by dry roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits of Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. growing wild in Tunisia and its aerial part essential oils (EOs) composition. A total of 37 volatile organic compounds (96.7%–98.9%) were identified; 4 esters, 4 alcohols, 7 hydrocarbons, 12 aldehydes, 5 ketones, 1 lactone, 1 organosulfur compound, 2 organonitrogen compounds, and 1 acid. The hydrocarbons form the main group, representing 49.5%–84.6% of the total detected volatiles. The main constituent was 2,2,4,6,6-pentamethylheptane (44.5%–76.2%) reaching the highest relative percentages. Forty-two compounds were determined in the two fractions… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of Spectral Features for Monitoring Rice Bacterial Leaf Blight Disease Using Broad-Band Remote Sensing Systems

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 745-762, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049734
    Abstract As an important rice disease, rice bacterial leaf blight (RBLB, caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae), has become widespread in east China in recent years. Significant losses in rice yield occurred as a result of the disease’s epidemic, making it imperative to monitor RBLB at a large scale. With the development of remote sensing technology, the broad-band sensors equipped with red-edge channels over multiple spatial resolutions offer numerous available data for large-scale monitoring of rice diseases. However, RBLB is characterized by rapid dispersal under suitable conditions, making it difficult to track the disease at… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Various Organic Nutrient Sources in Combinations with Inorganic Fertilizers Influence the Yield and Quality of Sweet Corn (Zea mays L. saccharata) in New Alluvial Soils of West Bengal, India

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 763-776, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049473
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Integrated Nutrient Management in Cereal Crops)
    Abstract Nutrient management plays a crucial role in the yield and quality of sweet corn. A field experiment was conducted in consecutive two kharif seasons in 2018 and 2019 to investigate the effect of various organic sources of nutrients in combination with inorganic sources on the yield and quality of sweet corn under new alluvial soils of West Bengal, India. Treatments were: T: Control (without fertilizers); T: 100% recommended dose (RDF) of chemical fertilizers (CF) (RDF CF); T: 100% recommended dose of N (RDN) through vermicompost (VC) (RDN VC); T: 50 RDN through CF + 50%… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chitosan Nanoparticles as Biostimulant in Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Plants

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 777-787, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048096
    Abstract Biodegradable nanoparticles such as chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) are used in sustainable agriculture since they avoid damage to the environment; CSNPs have positive effects such as the accumulation of bioactive compounds and increased productivity in plants. This study aimed to investigate the impact of applying CSNPs on lettuce, specifically focusing on enzymatic activity, bioactive compounds, and yield. The trial was conducted using a completely randomized design, incorporating CSNPs: 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 mg mL. The doses of 0.4 mg mL improve yields up to 24.6% increases and 0.1 mg mL of CSNPs increases More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Potassium-Solubilizing Bacteria on Growth, Antioxidant Activity and Expression of Related Genes in Fritillaria taipaiensis P. Y. Li

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 789-806, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049088
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Microbial Biotechnology Applications on Plant Performance and Physiology for Sustainable Production )
    Abstract This study aimed to examine the effects of inoculating Fritillaria taipaiensis P.Y.Li leaves with different strains of potassium-solubilizing bacteria (KSB), or combinations thereof, focusing on aspects of photosynthesis and physiological and biochemical characteristics. At present, some studies have only studied the rhizosphere microbial community characteristics of F. taipaiensis and have not discussed the effects of different microbial species on the growth promotion of F. taipaiensis. This paper will start from the perspective of potassium-solubilizing bacteria to conduct an in-depth study. Seed cultivation commenced at the base with three different KSBs in early October 2022. The growth of F. taipaiensisMore >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Changes in Leaf Stomatal Properties in Rice with the Growing Season

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 807-817, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048299
    Abstract Transplanting rice varieties grown in different seasons can lead to different yields due to different dry matter production. Early-season rice varieties transplanted in the late season can obtain high yields with short-growth duration and higher yields driven by higher dry matter production. To make clear the variations in dry matter production across seasons, four early-season rice varieties were chosen for late-season transplantation. The grain yield, dry matter accumulation, leaf photosynthetic, and leaf stomatal properties were studied. It was observed that the average yields of these four varieties in the late season were 33% greater, despite… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Photosensitive Type Chrysanthemum Accelerates Flowering in Arabidopsis

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 819-830, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049150
    Abstract FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is an important factor for integrating flowering signals through the photoperiod pathway, which significantly promotes flowering. Most chrysanthemum varieties are short-day plants, sensitive to the photoperiod, which limits their ornamental and annual production supply. In this study, we aim to analyze the nutrients and flowering-related genes of chrysanthemums with different photoperiod types and to clone and verify the function of the flowering-related gene CmFT. We found that the formation of floral buds requires the accumulation of starch while consuming soluble sugars and the expression patterns of flowering-related genes GIGANTEA (GI), CONSTANS (CO), and FT in C.morifoliumMore >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unexpected Diversity in Ecosystem Nutrient Responses to Experimental Drought in Temperate Grasslands

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 831-841, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047560
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Grassland Ecology in China under Global Change)
    Abstract The responses of ecosystem nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) to drought are an important component of global change studies. However, previous studies were more often based on site-specific experiments, introducing a significant uncertainty to synthesis and site comparisons. We investigated the responses of vegetation and soil nutrients to drought using a network experiment of temperate grasslands in Northern China. Drought treatment (66% reduction in growing season precipitation) was imposed by erecting rainout shelters, respectively, at the driest, intermediate, and wettest sites. We found that vegetation nutrient concentrations increased but soil nutrient concentrations decreased along the… More >

Share Link